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    1. 瑪麗·卡薩特276171032673314104816488印象派藝術家瑪麗·卡薩特(Mary Cassatt)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/mary-cassatt/mary-cassatt_yfe2cvi3uq4.jpg

      瑪麗·卡薩特(Mary Cassatt)

      瑪麗·卡薩特(Mary Cassatt)

      藝術家: 瑪麗·卡薩特

      生于: 1844年5月22日;美國賓夕法尼亞阿勒格尼市

      卒于: 1926年6月14日;寂靜的近beaufresne,巴黎,法國

      國籍: 美國

      流派: 印象派

      領域: 繪畫

      受影響: 埃德加·德加,皮耶爾·奧古斯特·雷諾阿

      朋友: 埃德加·德加

      機構: 美術學院、法國巴黎美術學院,賓夕法尼亞州,費城,賓夕法尼亞州,美國

       

      作為一名美國畫家和版畫家,瑪麗·卡斯特是一位印象派畫家,她描繪了女性的生活,尤其是母子之間的特殊紐帶。她小時候經常出差,1855年在巴黎舉行的世界博覽會上,她可能接觸過大師的作品。其他藝術家,如德加和畢沙羅,后來將成為她的導師和其他畫家。她在15歲開始認真學習藝術,當時只有百分之二十的文科學生是女性。與許多其他女學生不同,她決心把藝術當作事業,而不僅僅是社交技巧。她對自己在美國的藝術教育感到失望,并搬到巴黎學習藝術在私人導師在巴黎。她的母親和家人朋友和她一起前往法國,充當陪同者。她繼續在法國進行藝術教育,她的第一部作品在1868被巴黎沙龍錄取。然而,在1870普法戰爭爆發時,她回到美國和她的家人住在一起。她的父親不贊成她選擇的藝術家職業,支付了她的生活費用,但拒絕支付她的藝術用品。在美國逗留期間,卡薩特很悲慘。她展出了一些畫,但是沒有找到買家,并且因為缺少藝術學習而心煩意亂,她放棄了繪畫,幾乎放棄了手工藝。在芝加哥旅行之后,匹茲堡大主教注意到了她的作品,他委托她復制兩幅意大利科雷吉奧的畫。他提出要支付她的旅費,她馬上離開了美國。在歐洲,卡薩特的畫更受歡迎,增加了她的前景,并于1872年在沙龍展出,出售一幅畫。她每年都在巴黎沙龍展出,直到1877歲,所有的作品都被拒絕了。她對自己的拒絕感到心煩意亂,轉而求助于印象派畫家,他們用歡迎的雙手歡迎她。在職業生涯的早期,卡薩特決定結婚不是一種選擇,她從未結過婚,她大部分時間都和妹妹麗迪雅在一起,直到1882年她去世,這使瑪麗暫時無法工作。隨著她事業的發展,她的批評聲望也越來越高,她經常和德加一起被吹捧為印象派沙龍最好的參展商之一。她于1906被授予法國軍人榮譽博物館。在她晚年,她被診斷出患有風濕病、神經痛、糖尿病和白內障,盡管她的精神從未崩潰過。她在1914歲時幾乎失明之后繼續為爭取婦女選舉權的事業而戰。十二年后她去世了。他的作品后來被印在美國郵票上,她的作品在拍賣會上的售價高達290萬美元。

       

      Artist :Mary Cassatt

      Additional Name :Mary Stevenson Cassatt

      Born : Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, United States

      Died : Chateau de Beaufresne, near Paris, France

      Nationality :American

      Art Movement :Impressionism

      Influenced by :edgar-degas,pierre-auguste-renoir

      Friends and Co-workers :edgar-degas

      Art institution :école des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France,Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA, US

      An American painter and printmaker, Mary Cassatt was an impressionist painter, who depicted the lives of women, especially the special bond between mother and child. She traveled extensively as a child, and was probably exposed to the works of the great masters at the World’s fair in Paris in 1855. Other artist’s, such as Degas and Pissarro, would later become her mentors and fellow painters. She began studying art seriously at the age of 15, at a time when only around twenty percent of all arts students were female. Unlike many of the other female students, she was determined to make art her career, rather than just a social skill. She was disappointed at her art education in the United States, and moved to Paris to study art under private tutors in Paris. Her mother and family friends traveled with her to France, acting as chaperones.

      She continued her art education in France, and her first work was accepted into the Paris Salon in 1868. At the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, however, she returned to the United States to live with her family. Her father, who did not approve of her chosen vocation as an artist, paid for her living expenses, but refused to pay for her art supplies. During her stay in the United States, Cassatt was miserable. She exhibited some paintings but found no buyers, and upset at the lack of art to study, she quit painting and almost gave up the craft. After a trip to Chicago, her work was noticed by the Archbishop of Pittsburgh, who commissioned from her a copy of two of Correggio’s paintings in Italy. He offered to pay for her travel expenses and she immediately left the United States.

      In Europe, Cassatt’s paintings were better received, increasing her prospects, and exhibited in the Salon of 1872, selling a painting. She exhibited every year at the Paris Salon until 1877, when all her works were rejected. Distraught at her rejection, she turned to the Impressionists, who welcomed her with welcome arms.

      Deciding early in her career that marriage was not an option, Cassatt never married, and spent much of her time with her sister Lydia, until her death in 1882, which left Mary unable to work for a short time. As her career progressed, her critical reputation grew, and she was often touted, along with Degas, as the one of the best exhibitors at the Impressionist Salon. She was awarded the French Legion of Honor in 1906.

      In her later life, she was diagnosed with rheumatism, neuralgia, diabetes, and cataracts, although her spirit was never crushed. She continued to fight for the cause of women’s suffrage after she went almost blind in 1914. She died twelve years later. He works have since been printed on United States postage stamps and her works have sold for as much as $2.9 million at auction.

      18441926Mary Cassatt123C
      瑪麗·卡薩特

      瑪麗·卡薩特

      Mary Cassatt(1844-1926)
      印象派藝術家瑪麗·卡薩特(Mary Cassatt)專題網站

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