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    1. 愛德華·馬奈2761311,1032673292137871588現實主義,印象派藝術家愛德華·馬奈(Edouard Manet)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/edouard-manet/edouard-manet_mkyev2kndil.jpg

      愛德華·馬奈(Edouard Manet)

      愛德華·馬奈(Edouard Manet)

      藝術家: 愛德華·馬奈

      生于: 1832年1月23日;法國巴黎

      卒于: 1883年4月30日;法國巴黎

      流派: 現實主義,印象派

      領域: 繪畫,版畫

      受影響: 古斯塔夫·庫爾貝,埃爾·格列柯,卡拉瓦喬,歐仁·德拉克羅瓦

      影響: 愛德華·霍珀,列賓,保羅·高更,埃德加·德加,皮耶爾·奧古斯特·雷諾阿,Louise Abbéma

      朋友: 貝爾特·摩里索特,亨利·方丹·拉圖爾,克勞德·莫奈,埃德加·德加,卡羅勒斯·杜蘭

       

      愛德華·馬奈是現實主義向印象主義過渡時期的關鍵人物,他在藝術界留下了自己獨特的烙印。小時候,他的父親是一名法官,希望他從事法律職業,但他的叔叔認識到愛德華的才能,鼓勵他對藝術的興趣,經常帶他去盧浮宮。直到馬奈兩次法國海軍入學考試不及格,他父親才遷就了他兒子的意愿,讓他在學術畫家托馬斯·考特手下開始上美術課,托馬斯考特讓他抄襲了盧浮宮大師的作品。這位年輕藝術家也受到了弗蘭斯·哈爾斯、委拉斯開茲和Francisco Goya的影響。1856,三十歲的時候,Manet開了自己的工作室。他開始以準現實主義風格繪畫,當他遇到畫家貝瑞·莫里索特時,這種風格就轉變為印象主義風格,貝瑞·莫里索特讓他接觸到她的印象主義畫家朋友圈子,包括克勞德·莫奈、皮埃爾-奧古斯特·雷諾阿和埃德加·德加,以及他們的平紋空氣畫技術。馬奈的許多作品都圍繞著休閑活動的描寫展開,包括觀察各個階層的社會生活,從資產階級的賽馬到妓女的酗酒,再到巴黎的街頭和劃船的場景,其中許多都是由現場的素描創作的。雖然他的作品具有印象主義色彩,但他拒絕涉及任何特定的繪畫風格,因此他寧愿將他的作品呈現在巴黎沙龍,而不愿參加許多印象派展覽會。1875年,埃德加·愛倫·坡的《烏鴉》全書版收錄了他的一些作品,1881年,他被法國政府授予榮譽軍團。馬奈因壞疽截肢左腳11天后死于梅毒和風濕病的并發癥,在導致他死亡的歲月中,這些并發癥嚴重到造成部分癱瘓。

       


      Artist :Edouard Manet

      Additional Name :édouard Manet

      Born : Paris, France

      Died : Paris, France

      Art Movement :Realism,Impressionism

      Field :painting,printmaking

      Influenced by :gustave-courbet,el-greco,caravaggio,eugene-delacroix

      Influenced on :edward-hopper,ilya-repin,paul-gauguin,edgar-degas,pierre-auguste-renoir,louise-abbema

      Friends and Co-workers :berthe-morisot,henri-fantin-latour,claude-monet,edgar-degas,carolus-duran


      A pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism, Edouard Manet was an influential painter who left his own unique mark on the art world. As a child, his father was a judge, who wanted him to pursue a career in law, but his uncle, recognizing little Edouard’s talents, encouraged his interest in art, often taking him the Louvre. It was not until Manet failed two entrance exams into the French Navy that his father relented to his son’s wishes and allowed him to start art lessons under the academic painter Thomas Couture, who had him copy the works of the great masters in the Louvre. The young artist was also influenced by Frans Hals, Diego Velazquez, and Francisco Goya.

      In 1856, in his early thirties, Manet opened his own studio. He began painting in a quasi-realist style, which transitioned to a more Impressionist style when he met the painter Berthe Morisot, who exposed him to her circle of Impressionist painter friends, including Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Edgar Degas, and their plein air painting techniques. Many of Manet’s works revolved around depictions of leisure activities, including observations of social life in all of the classes, from bourgeois horse racing to prostitutes drinking, to the streets of Paris and boating scenes, many of which were made from sketches done on the spot.

      Although his work was Impressionistic, he resisted involvement with any specific style of painting, and thus preferred to present his works to the Salon of Paris rather than the many Impressionist Exhibitions. In 1875, some of his paintings were included in a book-length edition of Edgar Allen Poe’s The Raven and in 1881, he was awarded the Legion of Honor by the French government. Manet died eleven days after the amputation of his left foot due to gangrene, from complications of syphilis and rheumatism, which had been so bad as to cause partial paralysis in the years leading up to his death.

      18321883Edouard Manet121,123M
      愛德華·馬奈

      愛德華·馬奈

      Edouard Manet(1832-1883)
      現實主義,印象派藝術家愛德華·馬奈(Edouard Manet)專題網站

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