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    1. 埃德加·德加2760710,1432673292222240188印象派,現實主義藝術家埃德加·德加(Edgar Degas)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/edgar-degas/edgar-degas_yryoognbxwe.jpg

      埃德加·德加(Edgar Degas)

      埃德加·德加(Edgar Degas)

      藝術家: 埃德加·德加

      生于: 1834年7月19日;法國巴黎

      卒于: 1917年9月27日;法國巴黎

      國籍: 法國

      流派: 印象派,現實主義

      領域: 繪畫,雕塑,繪畫

      受影響: 讓·奧古斯特·多米尼克·安格爾,米開朗基羅,拉斐爾,提香·韋切利奧,愛德華·馬奈,歐仁·德拉克羅瓦

      影響: 愛德華·霍珀,亨利·格維克斯,保羅·高更,瑪麗·卡薩特,Walter Sickert,亨利·瑪麗·雷蒙·德·圖盧茲-勞特累克,皮耶爾·奧古斯特·雷諾阿,Aaron Shikler

      朋友: 愛德華·馬奈,瑪麗·卡薩特

      機構: 美術學院,巴黎,法國

       

      印象派運動的創始人之一,埃德嘉·德嘉在十九世紀的最后一半是一位杰出的藝術家。出生于一個富裕家庭,他在1853開始接受文學學士學位。由于他父親的愿望,他想要他上法學院,1853年,他進入巴黎大學攻讀法律學位,在那里他幾乎不努力。德加在18歲時就把其中的一間屋子改造成了工作室,1853年在盧浮宮當了注冊文案師,兩年后離開法學院,一年后去意大利學習大師的藝術。從1865年開始,他的畫在巴黎沙龍展出,但是很少引起注意,他的主題也慢慢地從歷史畫轉向了更多的當代主題。1870年,普法戰爭爆發時,他加入了國民警衛隊,但是他的視力在步槍訓練中被發現有缺陷,很麻煩,所以他不能服役。三年后,在1873,Degas的父親去世,揭露了他哥哥雷內持有的巨額商業債務。德加被迫賣掉了家庭住宅和許多家庭繪畫以彌補債務,并第一次不得不依靠收入從他的繪畫生存。1874,他開始創作他最成功的作品。雖然他被認為是印象派的創始人之一,他確實與印象派藝術家,如愛德華?馬奈和皮埃爾?奧古斯特?雷諾阿合作,但他拒絕貼上“印象派”的標簽。他們在戶外畫畫。他的個人生活是平淡無奇的,因為他認為藝術家應該過孤獨的私生活。因此,他過著孤獨的生活,并最終與所有的猶太朋友分手,因為他的反猶太信仰和善辯的天性。他從未結過婚,反對社會變革和技術創新,總是在室內作畫,直到1912年才停止作畫,那時他幾乎是瞎子。他于1917死于巴黎街頭。

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      Artist :Edgar Degas

      Additional Name :Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas

      Born : Paris, France

      Died : Paris, France

      Nationality :French

      Art Movement :Impressionism,Realism

      Field :painting,sculpture,drawing

      Influenced by :jean-auguste-dominique-ingres,michelangelo,raphael,titian,edouard-manet,eugene-delacroix

      Influenced on :edward-hopper,henri-gervex,paul-gauguin,mary-cassatt,walter-sickert,henri-de-toulouse-lautrec,pierre-auguste-renoir,aaron-shikler

      Friends and Co-workers :edouard-manet,mary-cassatt

      Art institution :école des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France

      One of the founders of the Impressionist movement, Edgar Degas was a prominent artist in the last half of the 19th century. Born to wealthy family, he began his schooling with a baccalaureate in literature in 1853. Due to the wishes of his father, who wanted him to go to law school, he enrolled at the University of Paris in 1853 to pursue a law degree, where he made little effort. Degas, who at age 18 had transformed one of the rooms is his house into a studio, and was a registered copyist at the Louvre by 1853, left law school after two years, and a year later traveled to Italy studying the art of the great masters.

      His paintings were exhibited at the Paris Salon beginning in 1865, but they attracted little attention, and his subject matte slowly transitioned from history paintings to more contemporary subjects. In 1870, at the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War, he enrolled as a member of the National Guard, but his eyesight, which was found defective during rifle training, was troublesome and so he could not serve. Three years later, in 1873, Degas’ father died, revealing a massive amount of business debt held by his brother, Rene. Degas was forced to sell the family home and many family paintings in order to cover the debt, and for the first time, had to rely on the income from his paintings for survival. It was in 1874 that he began producing his most successful works.

      Although he is considered one of the founders of Impressionism, and he indeed worked with impressionist artists, such as Edouard Manet and Pierre-Auguste Renoir, he rejected the label “Impressionist.” He detested the scandals brought about by their Impressionist Exhibitions, and he mocked them for painting outdoors. His personal life was outwardly uneventful, due to his belief that an artist should live private lives of solitude. He thus lived a life of solitude, and eventually broke with all of his Jewish friends, due to his anti-Semitic beliefs and argumentative nature. He never married, opposed social change and technological innovations, always painted indoors, and ceased painting by 1912, at which he time he was nearly blind. He died wandering the streets of Paris in 1917.

      18341917Edgar Degas123,121D
      埃德加·德加

      埃德加·德加

      Edgar Degas(1834-1917)
      印象派,現實主義藝術家埃德加·德加(Edgar Degas)專題網站

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