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    1. C.F.凱勒27580103267331413006488現實主義,印象派藝術家凱勒(C.F. Keller)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/c-f-keller/cfkellerself-1_44qhoxjytos.jpg

      凱勒(C.F. Keller)

      凱勒(C.F. Keller)

      藝術家: 凱勒

      生于: 1852年8月18日;美國密爾沃基

      卒于: 1928年7月10日;亨普斯特德/亨普斯特德,美國

      國籍: 美國,德國

      流派: 現實主義,印象派

      領域: 繪畫,繪畫

       

      公元前1852年出生于密爾沃基,四年后威斯康星獲得國家地位。他是他家的第三代藝術家。他的父親Amalius Keller,B,1824,邁寧根,研究藝術,但成為一個家具制造商與他的父親Johann。查爾斯的祖父約翰·喬治·凱勒(Johann George Keller b.1800)梅寧根(Meiningen)在梅寧根(Meiningen)霍夫劇院與風景畫家一起學習雕塑和繪畫,后來成為宮廷的櫥柜制作人。他的官方頭銜是Koeigiger-HoZoigLiger-Hoof Kunth-Tigsle。1845年,他帶著他21歲的妻子和獨生子來到密爾沃基,然后來到一個印度貿易站。

      從小查爾斯就是一個自學成才的畫家。1875年8月26日,當他23歲的時候,在密爾沃基哨兵(第8頁第2頁)的短篇特寫里,人們發現,“一個受雇于查斯的畫家。1877年5月6日,查爾斯與伊麗莎白·萊茵霍爾德結婚,結婚證書上記載了他對畫家的職業。他們有兩個兒子,出生在1878和1881歲,兩人都在他們的第一年死亡。他們1880歲出生的女兒安娜茁壯成長。1882年,查爾斯在芝加哥劇院的第一塊石棉幕上設計和繪畫了古典壁畫。

      1885年3月1日,密爾沃基哨兵報(第3頁,第3章)報道了去德國學習藝術?!霸?61885四月的密爾沃基哨兵”,Charles Keller去慕尼黑繼續他的藝術研究。他的天賦是有標志的,他無疑會從國外的住宅中獲益。他于1885年11月在慕尼黑皇家藝術學院注冊。同月,也就是11月,他的妻子以前一年不支持為由提出離婚申請,這是當時法律允許的少數幾個理由之一。這些文件表明,她丈夫能做一個“每周二十美元或更多”的畫家。1886年1月14日,人們向慕尼黑發出傳票,準予離婚。

      查爾斯似乎在巴黎和布格雷奧在同一棟樓里有一間工作室,并與約翰·辛格·薩金特(來自他女兒卡羅拉的家族史)同一位老師一起學習。這也許是在1885年4月至11月在慕尼黑皇家藝術學院注冊之前。

      在慕尼黑,他在路德維?!ゑT·洛夫茨、弗朗茲·德雷格和尼古拉斯·吉西斯教授的指導下在皇家藝術學院學習。這是慕尼黑學派(1850-1914年)的時代特征,其特征是自然主義風格和黑暗明暗對照。學院成為歐洲最重要的培訓藝術家的機構之一,吸引了來自歐洲和美國的學生。這是僅次于巴黎的美國人學習和流行,因為它更便宜。1886,大型文藝復興復興建筑群建成。他在慕尼黑期間是美國藝術家俱樂部的主席,從1870年到1884年,有300多名美國人來慕尼黑學習。他通過自己的作品和來自密爾沃基帕布斯啤酒家族的贊助來支持自己。他由家族委托制作老大師畫的復制品。他在慕尼黑郊外的SchloseSchleisheim繪畫,為帕布斯特家庭創作了一些這樣的復制品,他的女兒在球場上玩耍時就記住了這一點。

      1887年,他第二次與慕尼黑的海倫·哈芬貝克結婚。他們的第一個孩子Carola出生于1888年9月9日。他們外出劃船在阿默湖,慕尼黑附近的一個湖,當Helene投入勞動。他們把船靠岸,并歡迎Baron Perfall留下來,從分娩中恢復過來。查爾斯畫了許多繪畫,其中包括;施洛斯廚房和他的小女兒Carola在護士的懷抱中。1892年6月21日,他在慕尼黑附近的Schleisheim又生了一個孩子Henry(Harry)Edwin Keller。

      在歐洲生活7年后,1892年他和妻子以及兩個孩子Carola(4歲)和嬰兒Harry回到美國紐約市。他們有另外兩個孩子埃利諾1994年10月28日和1900年5月18日海倫出生在布魯克林區。他曾任O.J.古爾德公司的商業藝術家,后來成為設計部主管的戶外廣告公司。他在業余時間都在畫室里畫畫。他參加了藝術學生聯盟,紐約和薩爾馬根迪俱樂部,紐約,在那里他有幾個人展覽。在1917,他展出了他的畫作“羊折”在臭名昭著的紐約第一屆年度展覽的獨立藝術家。該展覽是在巴黎獨立沙龍的模式下展出的,展出的藝術家作品的費用為1美元,會員5美元。這是有史以來規模最大的展覽在USA. Duchamp組裝在董事會,并建議作品按字母順序掛。杜尚還以不知名的R穆特提交了他的作品《噴泉》,這是臭名昭著的未被承認的,杜尚辭去了董事會的職務。< / P > P·Charles Keller繼續在長島的工作室畫畫??_拉經常是他的繆斯女神,就像一幅繪有女孩的羊群的大畫一樣,這幅畫在新羅謝爾高中懸掛了很多年。一幅畫被送到了白宮收藏。

       

      Artist :C.F. Keller

      Additional Name :Charles Frederick Keller

      Born : Milwaukee, United States

      Died : Hempstead / Hempstead, United States

      Nationality :American,German

      Art Movement :Realism,Impressionism

      Field :painting,drawing

      Born in Milwaukee in 1852, four years after Wisconsin gained statehood. He was third generation artist in his family. His father Amalius Keller B. 1824, Meiningen, studied art but became a cabinetmaker with his father Johann. Charles’s grandfather Johann George Keller b. 1800, Meiningen, studied sculpture and drawing with the scene painter at Hof Theater, Meiningen, and later became cabinet maker to the court. His official title was Koeniglicher Herzoglicher Hof Kunst Tischler. He brought his wife and only son age 21 to Milwaukee in 1845, then an Indian trading post.

      From an early age Charles was a self taught painter. In the Brevities feature of the Milwaukee Sentinel (page 8,col 2) on Aug 26, 1875 when he was 23, one finds, “A painter employed by Chas. Keller fell off a scaffold while painting a sign for Pollwoth’s home and enjoyed a plunge in the river.” Charles married Elizabeth Reinhold in May 6th of 1877 with his recorded occupation of painter on the marriage certificate. They had two sons, born in 1878 and 1881, both of whom died in their first year of life. Their daughter Anna born in 1880 thrived. In 1882 Charles designed and painted the classic murals on the first asbestos curtain at the Chicago Theatre.

      Travel to Germany to study art was reported in the Milwaukee Sentinel (page3, col3) on March 1, 1885 when he was 33, “Charles F Keller and John C. Reinhold will start for Germany today.” and, in the Milwaukee Sentinel on April 26,1885, “Charles Keller has gone to Munich to pursue his studies in art. His talent was marked, and he will undoubtably profit from residence abroad.” He travelled there with his father-in law. He enrolled in the Royal Academy of Art in Munich in November 1885. In that same month, November, his wife filed for divorce citing grounds of non-support for one prior year, one of the few grounds then permitted by statute. The documents state that her husband was able to make “twenty dollars per week or more” as a painter. A summons was sent to Munich and the divorce was granted on January 14, 1886.

      Charles seems to have had a studio in Paris in the same building as Bougereau and studied with the same teacher as John Singer Sargent, (from family history by his daughter Carola). This may have been before enrolling in RA of A, Munich between April and November 1885.

      In Munich he studied at the Royal Academy of Art under the tutelage of professors Ludwig von Loefftz, Franz Defregger and Nikolas Gysis. This was the time of the Munich School style (1850-1914) characterised by naturalistic style and dark chiaroscuro. The Academy became one of the most important institutions in Europe for training artists and attracted students from across Europe and the United States. It was second only to Paris for Americans to study and popular because it was cheaper. In 1886 the large Renaissance Revival building complex was completed. He was a President of the American Artist’s Club in Munich during his time there which was important as from 1870 til 1884 over 300 Americans had come to study in Munich. He supported himself through sales of his works and patronage from the Milwaukee Pabst Beer family. He was commissioned by the family to make reproductions of old Masters paintings. He painted at Schloss Schleisheim outside Munich producing some of these reproductions for the Pabst family as remembered by his daughter who played on the grounds.

      He married for a second time in 1887 to Helene Hafenbeck from Munich. Their first child Carola was born on September 9, 1888. They were out rowing on the Ammersee, a lake near Munich when Helene went into labor. They put ashore near Schloss Greifenberg and were welcomed to stay by Baron Perfall and recover from childbirth. Charles painted many paintings while there including; the Schloss Kitchen and his baby daughter Carola in the arms of a Nurse. He had another child Henry (Harry) Edwin Keller, June 21, 1892 in Schleisheim, near Munich.

      After 7 years in Europe, he returned to the USA to New York City in 1892 with his wife and two children, Carola (4 years old) and baby Harry. They had two further children Eleanor Oct 28, 1994 and Helen May 18, 1900 born in Brooklyn. He worked as a commercial artist for O.J. Goulde Co., later the Outdoor Advertising Co. where he was head of the Design Department. He painted in his studio in all his spare time. He was involved in the Art Students League, New York and the Salmagundi Club, New York where he had several one man exhibitions. In 1917 he exhibited his painting, “The Sheep-fold” in the notorious New York First Annual Exhibition of The Society of Independent Artists. The exhibition was formed on the model of the Parisian Salon des Independants, showing works by any artist for a fee of $1 and membership of $5. It was the largest show ever assembled in the USA. Duchamp was on the board and suggested works be hung alphabetically. Duchamp also submitted his work “Fountain” by the non-existent R Mutt which was notoriously not admitted and Duchamp resigned from the board.

      Charles Keller continued to paint from his studio on Long Island. Carola was often his muse as in a large painting of a field of sheep with girl which hung in the New Rochelle high school for many years. A painting was sent to the White House collection.

      18521928C.F. Keller121,123K
      C.F.凱勒

      C.F.凱勒

      C.F. Keller(1852-1928)
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