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    1. 亨利·馬蒂斯2750910,11,1432673292379387188印象派,后印象派藝術家亨利·馬蒂斯(Henri Matisse)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/henri-matisse/henri-matisse_3mleui0arpk.jpg

      亨利·馬蒂斯(Henri Matisse)

      亨利·馬蒂斯(Henri Matisse)

      藝術家: 亨利·馬蒂斯

      生于: 1869年12月31日;該托康布雷西,北部、法國

      卒于: 1954年11月03日;尼斯,阿爾卑斯群島,法國

      國籍: 法國

      流派: 印象派,后印象派

      領域: 繪畫,版畫,雕塑,繪畫

      受影響: 愛德華·蒙克,皮耶爾·奧古斯特·雷諾阿,阿爾弗萊德·西斯萊

      影響: 馬克·夏加爾,巴勃羅·畢加索,Lee Krasner,Max Pechstein,費爾南德·萊熱,Chaim Soutine,Karel Appel,Balcomb Greene,Man Ray,Mikhail Larionov,Guan Zilan,Carlos Nadal

      朋友: Xavier Martinez

      機構: 學院朱利安,巴黎,法國

       

      亨利·馬蒂斯是法國畫家、繪圖員、雕刻家和版畫師。他的作品因使用色彩而聞名,與畢加索和杜尚的作品一起,被認為是現代造型藝術的基礎。18歲時,他去學習法律,作為一名法院管理人員。但是,在一次闌尾炎之后,他母親給了他顏料和畫架來消磨時光,他開始畫畫,很快就離開了法學院去追求他的藝術生涯,這使他父親很沮喪。1897年和1898年,當他拜訪他的朋友,畫家約翰·彼得·羅素,在貝利島時,他接觸到了當時幾乎不為人知的梵高的作品,這徹底改變了他的繪畫風格。他是所有藝術的愛好者,沉浸在同行們的作品中,經常因為購買其他藝術家的作品而負債累累。他也從其他藝術家的作品中獲得了很多靈感,從日本藝術、印象主義、后印象主義和點主義等各種來源汲取靈感。他的作品以“野獸”或“野性”為特征,經常遭到嚴厲的批評,這使他難以養活妻子和孩子。由于對作品的強烈憎恨,他在芝加哥的一個軍械庫展覽中,1913歲的藍色裸體被燒毀。雖然他有嚴厲的批評,但他有愛的追隨者,包括格特魯德·斯坦和她的家人。1907-1911年間,他的朋友們組織并資助了一所名為“馬蒂斯學院”的藝術學校,馬蒂斯可以在其中指導年輕的藝術家。馬蒂斯晚年部分依賴輪椅,他繼續創作剪紙拼貼畫,并作為一名圖形藝術家。他還出版了爵士樂在1947,他的印刷和書面作品的集合。在心臟病發作去世之前,他建立了自己的作品博物館,這有助于確立他作為現代藝術運動領袖的遺產。

       

      Artist :Henri Matisse

      Additional Name :Henri-émile-Beno?t Matisse

      Born : Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord, France

      Died : Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, France

      Nationality :French

      Art Movement :Impressionism,Post-Impressionism

      Field :painting,printmaking,sculpture,drawing

      Influenced by :edvard-munch,pierre-auguste-renoir,alfred-sisley

      Influenced on :marc-chagall,pablo-picasso,lee-krasner,max-pechstein,fernand-leger,chaim-soutine,karel-appel,balcomb-greene,man-ray,mikhail-larionov,guan-zilan,carlos-nadal

      Friends and Co-workers :xavier-martinez

      Art institution :Académie Julian, Paris, France

      Henri Matisse was a French painter, draftsman, sculptor, and printmaker. Known for his use of color, his work is regarded as responsible for laying the foundation for modern plastic arts, along with the work of Pablo Picasso and Marcel Duchamp. At the age of 18, he went to study law, working as a court administrator. But, after a bout of appendicitis, during which his mother gave him paints and an easel to pass the time, he began drawing, soon leaving law school to pursue his art career, to the dismay of his father.

      He was exposed to the works of Van Gogh, who was practically unknown at the time, in 1897 and 1898, when he visited his friend, painter John Peter Russell, in the island of Belle Ile, which totally changed his painting style. A lover of all art, he immersed himself in the work of his fellow painters, and often got himself into debt buying the work of other artists. He received much inspiration from the work of other artists as well, drawing inspiration from such varied sources as Japanese art, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, and Pointillism.

      His work, characterized as “fauvre,” or wild, often met with harsh criticism, which made it hard for him to provide for his wife and children. Due to vehement hatred of his works, his Blue Nude was burned in 1913 at an Armory Exhibition in Chicago. Although he had harsh critics, he had loving followers, including Gertrude Stein and her family. Throughout the years of 1907-1911, his friends organized and financed an art school, Academie Matisse, in which Matisse could instruct young artists.

      In his later life, Matisse, who was partially reliant on a wheelchair, continued his artistic endeavors in creating cut paper collages, and working as a graphic artist. He also published Jazz in 1947, a collection of his printed and written works. Before his death of a heart attack, he established a museum of his own works, which has helped establish his legacy as a leading figure in the modern art movement.

      18691954Henri Matisse123,124M
      亨利·馬蒂斯

      亨利·馬蒂斯

      Henri Matisse(1869-1954)
      印象派,后印象派藝術家亨利·馬蒂斯(Henri Matisse)專題網站

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