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    1. 山德羅·波提切利27396103267334785996688早期文藝復興藝術家山德羅·波提切利(Sandro Botticelli)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/sandro-botticelli/sandro-botticelli_flcnzwfdzrn.jpg

      山德羅·波提切利(Sandro Botticelli)

      山德羅·波提切利(Sandro Botticelli)

      藝術家: 山德羅·波提切利

      生于: c.1445;錯誤代碼(54000)

      卒于: 1510年5月17日;17may 1510

      國籍: 意大利

      流派: 早期文藝復興

      領域: 繪畫

      受影響: 馬薩喬

      影響: Walter Crane

      老師: 弗拉·菲利普·利比

      朋友: 達芬奇,彼得羅·貝魯吉諾,多梅尼科·基蘭達約

       

      桑德羅·波提切利是佛羅倫薩學派的意大利畫家,在文藝復興初期工作。關于他的早期生活和教育,除了他在十四歲左右受過學徒訓練外,鮮為人知。他的師傅是弗拉菲利波里皮,誰受到馬薩喬的繪畫的影響,并教波蒂切利一個微妙和細節的風格。到1470年,波蒂切利離開了里皮的工作室,開辦了自己的工作室,并進一步發展了一種獨特的風格。1481年,教皇召集波提切利在西斯廷教堂完成一些壁畫,但是他的貢獻被不和的拉斐爾和米開朗基羅的作品所掩蓋。后來,他還為佛羅倫薩的教堂畫了許多壁畫,與菲律賓的里皮、佩魯吉諾和吉蘭多一起工作。波提切利臨近生命的盡頭,受到意大利多米尼加修士薩沃納羅拉的影響,薩沃納羅拉以焚燒書籍和毀滅不道德的藝術而聞名。據認為,波蒂切利曾一度與薩沃納羅拉合作,樂于看到他的一些畫被焚燒。瓦薩里,波提切利的早期傳記作家,注意到在目睹他的繪畫之死后,波提切利變得非常痛苦,而且沒有收入,并且可能已經完全放棄繪畫(雖然這不太可能)。由于婚姻的強烈反感,波提且利從未結婚,他說純粹的想法使他做噩夢。波蒂切利去世后,他的名聲和工作身體都岌岌可危,常常被米開朗基羅的作品搶了風頭,尤其是他在西斯廷教堂的作品。他的作品傳入歐洲大陸和英國后,名聲慢慢上升,直到他成為15世紀最具寫實性的畫家之一。

       

      Artist :Sandro Botticelli

      Additional Name :Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi

      Born :c.1445

      Died :17 May 1510

      Nationality :Italian

      Art Movement :Early Renaissance

      Influenced by :masaccio

      Influenced on :walter-crane

      Teachers :filippo-lippi

      Friends and Co-workers :leonardo-da-vinci,pietro-perugino,domenico-ghirlandaio

      Sandro Botticelli was an Italian painter of the Florentine school, working during the Early Renaissance. Little is known about his early life and education, other than he was apprenticed around the age of fourteen, which was a young age for an art apprentice. His master was Fra Filippo Lippi, who was influenced by Masaccio’s paintings, and taught Botticelli a delicate and detailed style. By 1470, Botticelli left the workshop of Lippi to open his own studio, and further developing a style that would become uniquely his.

      In 1481, Botticelli was summoned by the Pope to complete some frescoes at the Sistine Chapel, but his contribution was shadowed by the works of the feuding Raphael and Michelangelo. In later years, he also painted many frescoes for Florentine churches, working alongside Filippino Lippi, Perugino, and Ghirlandaio. Near the end of his life, Botticelli was under the influence of Savonarola, an Italian Dominican friar, who was known for his book burning and destruction of immoral art. It is thought that at one point Botticelli cooperated with Savonarola, willingly watching some of his paintings be fed to the flames. Vasari, an early biographer of Botticelli, noted that after witnessing the death of his paintings, Botticelli became severely distressed, as well as without income, and may have quit painting altogether (although this is unlikely).

      Due to a strong aversion to marriage, Botticelli never married, saying that the sheer idea gave him nightmares. After Botticelli’s death, his reputation and body of work fell to the wayside, often upstaged by the work of Michelangelo, especially his work at the Sistine Chapel. After the introduction of his works into the mainland of Europe and Britain, his fame slowly rose, until he was one of the most written-about painters of the 15th century.

      c.14451510Sandro Botticelli147B
      山德羅·波提切利

      山德羅·波提切利

      Sandro Botticelli(c.1445-1510)
      早期文藝復興藝術家山德羅·波提切利(Sandro Botticelli)專題網站

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