彼得·勃魯蓋爾2731510,113267084430788北歐文藝復興藝術家彼得·勃魯蓋爾(Pieter Bruegel the Elder)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/pieter-bruegel-the-elder/pieter-bruegel-the-elder_tfhfl1iu1b5.jpg
彼得·勃魯蓋爾(Pieter Bruegel the Elder)
影響: 維爾哈希特,彼得·保羅·魯本斯,Jan Miense Molenaer,亨德里克·艾弗坎普
朋友: Maarten de Vos,Giulio Clovio
機構: Saint Luke公會
長者皮特·布魯蓋爾是佛蘭德文藝復興時期一位富有創造力的畫家和版畫家，以他那廣闊的山水和農民的景色而聞名。他早年與畫家皮特·克羅克·凡·艾爾斯特（Pieter Croecke van Aelst）當過學徒，1551年，26歲左右，他被安特衛普的一個畫家協會接納為大師。他的昵稱是“農民布魯蓋爾”，因為他經常穿上農民的衣服，參加社交聚會和婚禮，以便與當地人交往，并為他的繪畫獲得見解和靈感。他還有其他兩位著名的佛蘭德畫家，年輕的皮特·布魯蓋爾和長者的簡·布魯蓋爾，盡管人們認為他們不是由他們的父親教導的，因為他在他們小的時候就去世了。作為荷蘭體裁繪畫的先驅，他描繪了16世紀社會生活的方方面面，其中許多是農民的繪畫，帶有很大的風景元素。他的許多作品展示了荷蘭大師畫家博世的影響。他還在他的畫中創作了一些最早的社會評論形式，據說他臨終前躺在床上要求焚燒最具顛覆性的畫，以便他的家人避免政治迫害。
Artist :Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Additional Name :Pieter Brueghel de Oude
Born : Breda, Netherlands
Died : Brussels, Belgium
Art Movement :Northern Renaissance
Influenced by :hieronymus-bosch
Influenced on :tobias-verhaecht,peter-paul-rubens,jan-miense-molenaer,hendrick-avercamp
Friends and Co-workers :maarten-de-vos,giulio-clovio
Art institution :Guild of Saint Luke
Pieter Brueghel the Elder was an innovative Flemish Renaissance painter and printmaker, known for his sweeping landscapes and peasant scenes. He was apprenticed early in his life to painter Pieter Croecke van Aelst, and in 1551 around the age of 26 he as accepted into a painter’s guild in Antwerp as a master painter.
His nickname was “Peasant Brueghel,” as he would often don peasant’s clothing and attend social gatherings and weddings, in order to mingle and interact with the locals, and gain insight and inspiration for his paintings. He also fathered two other prominent Flemish painters, Pieter Brueghel the Younger and Jan Brueghel the Elder, although it is thought that they were not taught by their father, as he died when they were young children.
As a pioneer in Netherlandish genre painting, he portrayed social aspects of 16th century life, many of which were paintings of peasants, with a large landscape element. Many of his works show the influence of Heironymous Bosch, the Dutch master painter. He also created some of the earliest form of social commentary in his paintings, and reportedly asked while laying on his deathbed to have the most subversive of the paintings burned, in order for his family to avoid political persecution.