一個佛蘭芒畫家，彼得·保羅·魯本斯的巴洛克風格強調運動，感性和色彩。雖然他成長為一名天主教徒，畫過反宗教改革派的作品或教堂，但他出生于一個新教家庭。1568，由于迫害新教徒，他的父親和母親逃離了西班牙荷蘭。Jan Rubens，Peter Paul的父親，開始了一個骯臟的事情，他是法院的顧問，安娜的薩克森女士。他的父親因這件事被監禁，在他死后兩年，彼得和他的家人回到荷蘭的安特衛普，12歲時開始成長為天主教徒。他十四歲開始學美術，1598年完成學業，成為獨立的繪畫大師。在他職業生涯中，魯本斯去過意大利和西班牙，受到提香、維羅內塞、丁托雷托、達芬奇、拉斐爾和米開朗基羅等偉大作品的影響。1608年，他母親去世后，他回到安特衛普，作為奧地利大公的宮廷畫家留在那里，并獲得畫家和法庭外交官的特權。1610，魯本斯搬進了他的工作室，在那里他教學生并創作了他的大部分作品。這所房子現已成為魯賓斯博物館。他最著名的學生、朋友和合作者是弗蘭斯·斯奈德、Anthony van Dyck和長老簡·布魯格爾。在他的一生中，他不僅被當作一位大畫家，而且他的外交才能也是許多宮廷所要求的。在1627到1630年間，他在英國和西班牙之間旅行，試圖在兩國之間建立停戰協議。他被西班牙國王菲利普五世和英國國王查理一世封為爵士。劍橋大學還授予他榮譽碩士學位。在他第一任妻子去世四年后，當時53歲的魯本斯嫁給了一個名叫海倫·福爾曼特的16歲女孩，他在后來的許多作品中都以她為榜樣。從那時起，他對身材豐滿的女人的喜愛就拋棄了“Rubenesque”這個詞，這個詞在荷蘭語中仍然用來指這樣的女人。
Artist :Peter Paul Rubens
Additional Name :Sir Peter Paul Rubens
Born : Siegen, Germany
Died : Antwerp, Belgium
Art Movement :Baroque
Influenced by :titian,pieter-bruegel-the-elder,caravaggio,hans-holbein-the-younger
Influenced on :gustave-courbet,frans-hals,rembrandt,john-constable,theodore-gericault,eugene-delacroix,rosa-bonheur
A Flemish painter, Peter Paul Rubens’ Baroque style emphasized movement, sensuality and color. Although he was raised as a Catholic and painted Counter-Reformation pieces f or the church, he was born into a Protestant family. In 1568, his mother and father fled the Spanish Netherlands due to persecution of Protestants. Jan Rubens, Peter Paul’s father, began a sordid affair with the woman to whom he was court advisor, Anna of Saxony. His father was imprisoned for the affair and two years after his death, Peter and his family returned to Antwerp, in the Netherlands, and beginning at the age of twelve was raised as a Catholic. He began his artistic apprenticeship at age fourteen and completed his education in 1598, when he became an independent master painter.
During his career, Rubens traveled to Italy and Spain, and was influenced by the great works of Titian, Veronese, and Tintoretto, as well as Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo. He returned to Antwerp upon his mother’s death in 1608, and remained there as a court painter for the Archduke of Austria, and received special privileges as both a painter and a court diplomat. In 1610, Rubens moved into the house that would become his studio, where he taught students and created most of his paintings. This house has now become the Rubenshius Museum. His most famous students, friends and collaborators were Frans Snyders, Anthony van Dyck, and Jan Brueghel the Elder.
Throughout his life, he was relied upon not only as a master painter, but one whose diplomat talents were required by many a court. Between 1627 and 1630, he traveled between England and Spain, in attempts to create a truce between the two nations. He was knighted by both the Spanish monarch, Philip V, and the English King, Charles I. Cambridge University also awarded him an honorary Master’s Degree.
Four years after the death of his first wife, Rubens, who was 53 years old at the time, was married to a 16 year old named Helene Fourment, whom he used as model in many of his later paintings. His fondness for the full figured woman has since spurned the term “Rubenesque,” which is still used in Dutch to refer to such women.