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    1. 倫勃朗2725610,1132673300273657288巴洛克藝術家倫勃朗(Rembrandt)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/rembrandt/rembrandt_jihoz1gii1m.jpg

      倫勃朗(Rembrandt)

      倫勃朗(Rembrandt)

      藝術家: 倫勃朗

      生于: 1606年7月15日;荷蘭萊頓

      卒于: 1669年10月04日;荷蘭阿姆斯特丹

      國籍: 荷蘭

      流派: 巴洛克

      領域: 繪畫,版畫

      受影響: 彼得·保羅·魯本斯,卡拉瓦喬,提香·韋切利奧,Caravaggisti

      影響: Carel Fabritius,喬萬尼·巴蒂斯塔·提埃波羅,古斯塔夫·庫爾貝,Chaim Soutine,弗朗西斯·培根,列賓,安德烈亞·曼特尼亞,Peredvizhniki (Society for Traveling Art Exhibitions),費迪南德·波爾,Piotr Micha?owski

       

      倫勃朗·范·里根被認為是歐洲藝術史上最偉大的畫家,是荷蘭黃金時代的荷蘭畫家和蝕刻家。作為一個孩子,他有繪畫的傾向,在當地歷史畫家的學徒生涯中度過了三年。在與畫家Jan Pieter Lastman進行了六個月的學徒生涯后,他開設了自己的工作室。他在二十一歲高齡的時候開始在藝術工作室拍攝藝術生。1631年,倫勃朗移居阿姆斯特丹,當時阿姆斯特丹正在迅速擴張,他成功地畫出了個人肖像。1634,他娶了他的妻子Saskia van Uylenberg,并在同一年開始在阿姆斯特丹的藝術生。盡管他的公眾生活正軌,他的私生活卻在惡化。他的妻子Saskia在1635歲時生下了第一個孩子,一個男孩,但他在兩個月大的時候就去世了。他們的第二個孩子,一個女孩,在三個星期大的時候去世了。他們的第三個孩子,另一個女孩,在她一個月大之前就去世了。只有他們的第四個孩子Titus才能長大成人。Saskia在Titus出生后就去世了,可能是因為消費。倫勃朗雖然過著富裕的生活,但他的生活卻遠遠超出了他的能力。他有一大筆抵押貸款,把錢花在藝術、版畫和稀有物品上,1656年才通過出售他的許多畫作和收藏的古董避免了破產。然而,不幸的是,他的收藏品的銷售價格令人失望,他被迫賣掉房子和打印機,搬到一個比較溫和的地方。倫勃朗比他的兒子Titus和他的普通法妻子Hendrickje長壽,他有一個女兒科妮莉亞,并于1669去世。他被埋葬在一個沒有標志的墳墓里。由于倫勃朗讓學生抄襲自己作品的做法,以及藝術家進行的許多文體演變和風格實驗,以及作品的不良修復,使得倫勃朗作品的歸屬非常困難。許多藝術歷史學家不同意他的作品是否是真的。有這么多猜測,可能永遠不會有共識。藝術歷史學家推測,倫勃朗可能患有立體盲,只有一只眼睛工作。這將進一步受益于他的繪畫風格,通過壓平他的感知,以便把它畫在畫布上。

       

      Artist :Rembrandt

      Additional Name :Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn

      Born : Leiden, Netherlands

      Died : Amsterdam, Netherlands

      Nationality :Dutch

      Art Movement :Baroque

      Field :painting,printmaking

      Influenced by :peter-paul-rubens,caravaggio,titian,artists-by-painting-school/caravaggisti

      Influenced on :carel-fabritius,giovanni-battista-tiepolo,gustave-courbet,chaim-soutine,francis-bacon,ilya-repin,andrea-mantegna,artists-by-painting-school/peredvizhniki-society-for-traveling-art-exhibitions,ferdinand-bol,piotr-michalowski

      Considered the greatest painter in all of European Art, Rembrandt van Rijn was a Dutch painter and etcher of the Dutch Golden Age. As a child, he had an inclination towards painting, and spent three years under the apprenticeship of a local history painter. After another six month apprenticeship with painter Jan Pieter Lastman, he opened his own studio. He began taking art students at his studio at the ripe old age of twenty-one years old.

      In 1631, Rembrandt moved to Amsterdam, which at the time was rapidly expanding, and had great success painting personal portraits. In 1634 he married his wife, Saskia van Uylenberg, and in the same year began taking art students in Amsterdam. Although his public life was on track, his private life was deteriorating. His wife Saskia had their first child, a boy, in 1635, but he died at two months of age. Their second child, a girl, died at three weeks of age. Their third child, another girl, died before she was a month old. It was only their fourth child, Titus, who would live into adulthood. Saskia herself died after Titus’ birth, possibly from consumption.

      Although he lived an affluent lifestyle, Rembrandt lived far beyond his means. He had a large mortgage, and spent money on art, prints, and rarities, and avoided bankruptcy in 1656 only by selling many of his paintings and his collections of antiquities. Unfortunately, however, the sales price of his collection was disappointing, and he was forced to sell his house and printing press and move to a more modest location. Rembrandt outlived both his son Titus and his common-law wife Hendrickje, with whom he had a daughter Cornelia, and died in 1669. He was buried in an unmarked grave.

      Due to Rembrandt’s practice of having his students copy his own work, and many stylistic evolutions and style experiments done by the artist, as well as bad restorations of his works, the attribution of Rembrandt’s works is very difficult. Many art historians disagree as to whether or not many of his works are true Rembrants. There is so much conjecture that there may never be a consensus. There is also conjecture by art historians that Rembrandt may have had stereo blindness, causing only one of his eyes to work. This would have further benefited his painting style by flattening out his perception in order to paint it on the canvas.

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      倫勃朗

      倫勃朗

      Rembrandt(1606-1669)
      巴洛克藝術家倫勃朗(Rembrandt)專題網站

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