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    1. 約翰內斯·維米爾272131032673300113788588巴洛克藝術家約翰尼斯·維米爾(Johannes Vermeer)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/johannes-vermeer/johannes-vermeer_0wge3go5vsz.jpg

      約翰尼斯·維米爾(Johannes Vermeer)

      約翰尼斯·維米爾(Johannes Vermeer)

      藝術家: 約翰尼斯·維米爾

      生于: 1632年10月31日;荷蘭代爾夫特

      卒于: 1675年12月15日;荷蘭代爾夫特

      國籍: 荷蘭

      流派: 巴洛克

      領域: 繪畫

      受影響: Carel Fabritius,格利特竇,杰拉德·特·博爾奇,皮特爾·德·胡格,卡拉瓦喬,Caravaggisti

      影響: Gabriel Metsu,frank-w-Benson

      老師: Carel Fabritius

      機構: Saint Luke公會

       

      簡·弗米爾是荷蘭最偉大的大師之一,他創作了一些藝術史上最具代表性的意象,如《i》、《戴珍珠耳環的女孩》、《1665》、《i》、《擠奶女工》、《1660》和《i》、《繪畫藝術》、《1665-1668》。他的作品是稀有的,只有大約36個已知的畫歸功于他。弗米爾的大部分生活仍然是個謎,這使他和他的畫更加迷人和吸引人。

      簡·弗米爾1632年生于德爾夫特。他的父親是織布工,他也被登記為藝術經銷商在代爾夫特圣盧克行會在1631。關于弗米爾的早期教育,以及為什么他決定從事畫家的職業,人們知之甚少,但在1653年12月,他被登記為圣盧克公會的大師畫家。在同一年,他還與凱瑟琳娜伯恩斯結婚。他的岳母瑪麗亞·辛斯收藏了烏得勒支卡拉瓦吉斯蒂的畫作,這些畫家深受卡拉瓦吉奧藝術的影響。這種影響是維米爾早期圣經和神話繪畫風格發展的一個因素,比如瑪莎和瑪麗亞之家的基督(1654)和圣普拉克西迪斯(約1655)。描繪了家庭生活的親密場面。他最著名的繪畫作品是年輕婦女從事閱讀和寫作、演奏樂器和做家務的內部場景。在《我》中有水壺的年輕女子(約1662-1665),維梅爾展示了他對光和肌理的掌握。在寧靜的場景中,維梅爾表達了日常事物和活動中所發現的美與和諧。到了1660年代,弗米爾已是一位公認的藝術家,1662-1663年被選為圣盧克公會的會長之一。在他的職業生涯中,藝術家表現出對照相機暗箱的興趣,這是一種可以在平面上投射圖像的光學工具。有些人認為,這種興趣擴展到了他的繪畫方法,他利用這個裝置來安排他的作品。

      在1671-1672年,弗米爾再次被選為代爾夫特圣盧克公會的會長。盡管在代爾夫特的藝術界受到很好的尊重,維梅爾卻在生命的盡頭陷入了金融危機。他于1675在代爾夫特去世,給妻子兒女留下了巨大的債務。由于他只取得了中等程度的成功,并在生命的最后遭遇不幸,弗米爾在很大程度上被歷史遺忘。然而,這一切在19世紀都改變了,這主要是由于法國藝術評論家Th&233;ophile Thor&233;-B&252;rger的作品。Thor&233;-B&rger努力辨認弗米爾的繪畫,他在作品中對弗米爾的贊賞激起了廣大公眾的興趣。法國著名小說家馬塞爾·普魯斯特在其小說《i》、《尋找失落的時間》、《關于代爾夫特的看法》、《關于代爾夫特的看法》中都有自己的特色。所有這些都標志著維梅爾藝術的重新發現,他永遠為自己在藝術史上的地位感到惋惜。

       

      Artist :Johannes Vermeer

      Additional Name :Jan (Johan) Vermeer van Delft

      Born : Delft, Netherlands

      Died : Delft, Netherlands

      Nationality :Dutch

      Art Movement :Baroque

      Influenced by :carel-fabritius,gerrit-dou,gerard-terborch,pieter-de-hooch,caravaggio,artists-by-painting-school/caravaggisti

      Influenced on :gabriel-metsu,frank-w-benson

      Teachers :carel-fabritius

      Art institution :Guild of Saint Luke

      Jan Vermeer, one of the greatest Dutch masters, is responsible for some of the most iconic imagery in the history of art, such as The Girl with a Pearl Earring (ca.1665), The Milkmaid (ca. 1660) and The Art of Painting (1665-1668). His artworks are a rarity, with only around 36 known paintings attributed to him. Much of Vermeer’s life remains a mystery, which makes him and his paintings all the more captivating and intriguing.

      Jan Vermeer was born in 1632 in Delft. His father was a weaver, who was also registered as an art dealer in the Delft Saint Luke’s Guild in 1631. Very little is known about Vermeer’s early education and why he decided to pursue a career as a painter, but in December 1653 he was registered as a master painter in the Saint Luke’s Guild. In the same year, he also married Catharina Bolnes. His mother in-law, Maria Thins, possessed a moderate collection of paintings by the Utrecht Caravaggisti, painters that were profoundly influenced by the art of Caravaggio. This influence was a factor in the development of Vermeer’s early style in biblical and mythological paintings, like Christ in the House of Martha and Mary (1654) and Saint Praxedis (ca. 1655).

      In the latter part of the 1650s, Vermeer gradually switched to genre painting, that depicted intimate scenes of domestic life. His most famous paintings were interior scenes of young women engaged in reading and writing, playing musical instruments and doing domestic work. In Young Woman with a Water Pitcher (ca. 1662-1665), Vermeer demonstrated his mastery of light and texture. In the quiet scene, Vermeer expressed the beauty and harmony found in everyday objects and activities. By the 1660s, Vermeer was an established artist, and he was selected to serve as one of the heads of the Saint Luke’s Guild in 1662-1663. During his career, the artist showed interest in camera obscura, an optical tool that could project imagery on a flat surface. Some have argued that this interest extended into his method of painting, and that he used the device to plan the arrangements of his compositions.

      In 1671-1672, Vermeer was once again selected to serve as head of the Delft Saint Luke’s Guild. Despite being well respected within Delft’s artistic community, Vermeer fell into financial peril towards the end of his life. He died in 1675 in Delft, leaving his wife and children with enormous debt. Because he only garnered moderate success and encountered unfortunate circumstances at the end of his life, Vermeer was largely forgotten by history. However, this all changed in the 19th century, mostly due to the work of French art critic, Th&#233;ophile Thor&#233;-B&#252;rger. Thor&#233;-B&#252;rger’s efforts to identify Vermeer’s paintings, and the admiration he expressed for Vermeer in his writings piqued the interest of the broader public. The famous French novelist Marcel Proust even featured Vermeer’s View on Delft (ca. 1660-1661) in his novel In Search of Lost Time. All these were indicative of the rediscovery of Vermeer’s art, that forever lamented his place in art history.

      16321675Johannes Vermeer116V
      約翰內斯·維米爾

      約翰內斯·維米爾

      Johannes Vermeer(1632-1675)
      巴洛克藝術家約翰尼斯·維米爾(Johannes Vermeer)專題網站

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