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    1. 勞倫斯·阿爾瑪·塔德瑪27103103267330053789188浪漫主義,新古典主義藝術家勞倫斯阿爾瑪- tadema(Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/sir-lawrence-alma-tadema/alma-tadema-lawrence_jebok1ykmxv.jpg

      勞倫斯阿爾瑪- tadema(Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema)

      勞倫斯阿爾瑪- tadema(Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema)

      藝術家: 勞倫斯阿爾瑪- tadema

      生于: 1836年1月08日;荷蘭德龍賴普

      卒于: 1912年6月25日;德國威斯巴登

      國籍: 荷蘭

      流派: 浪漫主義,新古典主義

      領域: 繪畫

      影響: 米哈伊爾·弗貝魯爾

      機構: 慕尼黑(慕尼黑美術學院學院),倫敦,英國皇家美術學院,安特衛普,比利時

       

      羅倫斯.阿瑪.泰德瑪是十九世紀下旬英國最著名的浪漫主義藝術家之一。他出生在荷蘭作為Laurens Tadema,到鎮上的公證家庭。后來,當他試圖在藝術界占有一席之地時,他把他的名字的拼寫改成了更英語的“勞倫斯”,并把他的中間名“阿爾瑪”作為他姓的一部分,所以他將被列入展覽目錄中的“A”之列。小時候,阿爾瑪-塔德瑪決定從事律師職業,但是他十五歲時精神和身體都垮了。他被診斷為消耗,短暫的時間生活,因此可以自由地追求休閑和快樂的生活。一旦留給他自己的手段,他決定學習藝術,因為他的母親支付了藝術課在他的早期童年,這是他的興趣之一。1852,他重獲健康并在安特衛普皇家學院學習,在那里他贏得了幾項受人尊敬的獎項。他的第一個主要作品在1858展出,它贏得了很多批評的贊揚,并創造了藝術世界的轟動。到了1862歲,他在自己的工作室里開創了自己的藝術生涯。1869歲時,Alma Tadema失去了妻子六年的天花。郁郁寡歡,他停止繪畫,他的健康也在衰退。在醫生的建議下,他前往英國進行醫學診斷,在那里他被邀請到一位畫家福特·馬多克斯·布朗的家中。就在這里,他注視著當時17歲的Laura Theresa Epps,瘋狂地愛上了她。阿爾瑪?塔德瑪利用普法戰爭的爆發來重新安置到英國,在那里他毫不浪費時間聯系勞拉并在私人藝術課上與她簽約。正是在Alma Tadema提出的這些教訓之一,他們不久后結婚。Alma Tadema 34歲,新娘18歲。阿爾瑪?塔德瑪一生中的下一段時間都在歐洲旅行,享受著他繪畫的成功。作為一個男人,他性格外向,熱情的個性和淘氣的感覺使他暴躁的脾氣減輕了。他是一個完美主義者和癡迷的工人,他還創新了一種新的編號技術,這使得偽造者很難放棄非原創的作品。晚年,盡管他的藝術產出有所下降,但他仍在繼續取得成功,最終成為十九世紀最富有的畫家之一。他于1899在英國被授予爵位。1912,Alma Tadema前往德國接受胃潰瘍治療,76歲時在德國逝世。他死后,他的工作大多被忽視了。由于藝術發生了巨大的變化,Alma Tadema的藝術天才直到20世紀60年代才重新進入公眾的視野,他的細致作品已經成為好萊塢幾十部電影的素材。

       

      Artist :Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema

      Additional Name :Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema

      Born : Dronrijp, Netherlands

      Died : Wiesbaden, Germany

      Nationality :Dutch

      Art Movement :Romanticism,Neoclassicism

      Influenced on :mikhail-vrubel

      Art institution :Akademie der Bildenden Künste München (Munich Academy), Munich, Germany,Royal Academy of Fine Arts, Antwerp, Belgium

      Lawrence Alma-Tadema is one of the most highly renowned romantic artists of late 19th century Britain. He was born in the Netherlands as Laurens Tadema, to the family of the town notary. Later, as he tried to make his niche in the art world, he changed the spelling of his first name to the more English “Lawrence,” and included his middle name “Alma” as part of his surname, so he would be listed among the “A’s” in exhibition catalogues.

      As a child, it was decided that Alma-Tadema would pursue the career of a lawyer, but he suffered a mental and physical breakdown when he was fifteen years old. He was diagnosed as consumptive, given a short time to live, and thus free to pursue a life of leisure and pleasure. Once left to his own devices, he decided to study art, as his mother had paid for art lessons in his earlier childhood and it was one of his interests. He regained his health and studied at the Royal Academy of Antwerp in 1852, where he won several respected awards. His first major work was exhibited in 1858, and it won much critical praise, and creating a sensation in the art world. By 1862, he set own in his own studio to pursue his individual career in art.

      In 1869, Alma-Tadema lost his wife of six years to smallpox. Disconsolate and depressed, he ceased painting and his health was failing. Under the advice of his physician, he traveled to England for a medical diagnosis, where he was invited to the house of a fellow painter, Ford Madox Brown. It was here that he laid eyes on Laura Theresa Epps, who was 17 at the time, and fell madly in love with her. Alma-Tadema took advantage of the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war to relocate to England, where he wasted no time contacting Laura and contracting her in private art lessons. It was during one of these lessons that Alma-Tadema proposed, and they were married shortly thereafter. Alma-Tadema was 34 years old, and the bride 18.

      Alma-Tadema spent the next part of his life traveling through Europe, and enjoying the continued success of his paintings. As a man, his bursts of bad temper were eased by his extroverted, warm personality and sense of mischief. A perfectionist and obsessive worker, he also innovated a new numbering technique, which made it difficult for forgers to pass off unoriginal works. In his later years, although his artistic output decreased somewhat, he enjoyed continued success, eventually becoming one of the wealthiest painters of the 19th century. He was knighted in England in 1899.

      In 1912, Alma-Tadema traveled to Germany to undergo treatment for stomach ulcer, and died in Germany at the age of 76. After his death, his work was mostly ignored. Due to the drastic changes taking place in art, Alma-Tadema’s artistic genius would not come into the public eye again until the 1960s. His meticulous work had since been used as source material for dozens of Hollywood movies.

      18361912Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema120,118L
      勞倫斯·阿爾瑪·塔德瑪

      勞倫斯·阿爾瑪·塔德瑪

      Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema(1836-1912)
      浪漫主義,新古典主義藝術家勞倫斯阿爾瑪- tadema(Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema)專題網站

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