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    1. 讓·弗朗索瓦·米勒2688810,143267329287709188現實主義藝術家讓-弗朗索瓦·米勒(Jean-Francois Millet)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/jean-francois-millet/jean-francois-millet_xk3lof0a5t2.jpg

      讓-弗朗索瓦·米勒(Jean-Francois Millet)

      讓-弗朗索瓦·米勒(Jean-Francois Millet)

      藝術家: 讓-弗朗索瓦·米勒

      生于: 1814年10月04日;格魯希,法國

      卒于: 1875年1月20日;法國巴比松

      國籍: 法國

      流派: 現實主義

      領域: 繪畫,雕塑

      受影響: 奧諾雷·杜米埃,米開朗基羅,尼古拉斯·普桑

      影響: Edward Mitchell Bannister,Andres de Santa Maria,文森特·梵高,克勞德·莫奈,喬治·修拉,薩爾瓦多·達利,Eugène Burnand,喬凡尼·塞岡提尼,Albin Egger-Lienz

      朋友: 保羅·德拉羅什,康斯坦·特羅榮,Narcisse-Virgilio Diaz,Charles Jacque,西奧多·盧索,卡米耶·柯羅

      機構: 美術學院,巴黎,法國

       

      讓·弗朗索瓦·米勒以其描繪農民的場景而聞名,他是法國巴比松學派的創始人,是一個浪漫主義藝術運動,也是一位自然主義現實主義畫家。他小時候從鄉村牧師那里學過拉丁語和主要文學作品,1833年搬到瑟堡學習繪畫。他的第一個沙龍提交,在1839,但他的第二,肖像,被接受在1840。在巴黎沙龍接受了他的第一幅肖像畫之后,他回到了瑟堡,開始了他的職業肖像畫家。七年后,1847年,他第一次在沙龍取得真正的成功,當時他推出了他的褲子《揚聲器》,一年后政府購買了它。然而,他的成功是短暫的。猶太人在以色列被囚禁在1848的沙龍,受到公眾和評論家的鄙視。這幅畫很快消失了,領導歷史學家認為Millet毀了他自己的作品。盡管偶爾失敗,米勒的聲望在整個十九世紀六十年代還是增加了,他得到了許多委托,在1867年的宇宙博覽會上,他主持了一場關于他的作品的大型展覽。第二年,他被任命為國家榮譽軍團的一名軍官,并于1870年當選為巴黎沙龍的陪審團成員。Millet去世前的1875、三周,他在一次宗教儀式上娶了他的妻子。他們在1853舉行了一個民事儀式。他死后,他讓妻子和九個孩子一貧如洗,這刺激了套房所有權的創新,使得藝術家作品的一部分出售或轉售給藝術家的繼承人家庭。小米留下了影響文森特、克勞德·莫奈和修拉的遺產。他的生活和作品也激發了戲劇、詩歌,以及馬克·吐溫和薩爾瓦多·達利等藝術家的進一步藝術努力。

       

      Artist :Jean-Francois Millet

      Additional Name :Jean-Fran?ois Millet

      Born : Gruchy, France

      Died : Barbizon, France

      Nationality :French

      Art Movement :Realism

      Field :painting,sculpture

      Influenced by :honore-daumier,michelangelo,nicolas-poussin

      Influenced on :edward-mitchell-bannister,andres-de-santa-maria,vincent-van-gogh,claude-monet,georges-seurat,salvador-dali,eugene-burnand,giovanni-segantini,albin-egger-lienz

      Friends and Co-workers :paul-delaroche,constant-troyon,narcisse-virgilio-diaz,charles-jacque,theodore-rousseau,camille-corot

      Art institution :école des Beaux-Arts, Paris, France

      Noted for his scenes of peasant farmers, Jean Francois Millet was a founder of the Barbizon School of France, a Romantic movement in art, and was a Naturalistic, Realist painter. He learned Latin and knowledge of the major works of literature from village priests as a child, and in 1833 moved to Cherbourg to study painting. His first Salon submission, in 1839, but his second, a portrait, was accepted in 1840. After his first portrait was accepted by the Paris Salon, he returned to Cherbourg, to begin his career as a professional portrait painter. His first real Salon success was seven years later, in 1847, when he presented his panting The Winnower, which was bought by the government a year later. His success was short lived, however. The Captivity of the Jews in Israel was presented to the Salon in 1848, and it was scorned by the public and critics. This painting quickly disappeared, leading historians to think Millet had destroyed his own work.

      Occasional failure notwithstanding, Millet’s popularity grew throughout the 1860’s, and he received many commissions, hosting a major showing of his work in 1867 in the Exposition Universeille. The next year, he was named an officer of the National Legion of Honor, and in 1870 he was elected as a jury member at the Paris Salon.

      In 1875, three weeks before his death, Millet married his wife in a religious ceremony. They had been married in a civil ceremony in 1853. After he died, he left his wife and nine children destitute, spurring the invention of the droit de suite innovation, which allowed a certain portion of the sale or resale of an artist’s work to go to the artist’s family of heirs.

      Millet left a legacy that would influence Vincent van Gogh, Claude Monet, and Georges Seurat. His life and works also inspired plays, poems, and further artistic endeavors by artists such as Mark Twain and Salvador Dali.

      18141875Jean-Francois Millet121M
      讓·弗朗索瓦·米勒

      讓·弗朗索瓦·米勒

      Jean-Francois Millet(1814-1875)
      現實主義藝術家讓-弗朗索瓦·米勒(Jean-Francois Millet)專題網站

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