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    1. 伊利亞·葉菲莫維奇·列賓2686510,1432673290128716188現實主義藝術家列賓(Ilya Repin)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/ilya-repin/ilya-repin_fqe4ppdqre3.jpg

      列賓(Ilya Repin)

      列賓(Ilya Repin)

      藝術家: 列賓

      生于: 1844年8月05日;Chuguyev,烏克蘭

      卒于: 1930年9月29日;repino(kuokkala),俄羅斯的聯盟

      國籍: 俄羅斯聯邦

      流派: 現實主義

      領域: 繪畫,雕塑

      受影響: Alexander Ivanov,倫勃朗,弗朗斯·哈爾斯,迭戈·德·席爾瓦·委拉斯開茲,愛德華·馬奈

      影響: Socialist Realism,Mykola Murashko,Oleksandr Murashko

      老師: 克拉姆斯柯依

      朋友: Vasily Polenov,Alexandre Benois,Mykola Murashko

      機構: 俄羅斯圣彼得堡皇家藝術學院

       

      伊利亞·雷賓是佩雷德維日尼基學派的俄羅斯天才畫家,被蘇聯政府奉為藝術家,被社會主義現實主義新學派仿效。22歲時,雷賓在圣彼得堡的皇家藝術學院開始了他的藝術生涯,同時“十四叛亂”也開始了他的藝術生涯,當時14位年輕的藝術家因為拒絕為他們的畢業證書畫神話畫而離開了學校。這些藝術家后來將形成PrErviZiNiKi的社會,列賓加入了1878。雷賓和自由思考的“巡游者”,正如他們所說的,反對正式的學院,堅持藝術應該反映現實生活。作為一名藝術學生,他的旅行帶他去了意大利、巴黎和印象派展覽會,雖然他接觸到了印象派風格的鮮艷色彩和快速的筆觸,但他仍然忠實于他獨特的現實主義形式。列賓畫的許多科目都是普通人,就像他自己一樣,盡管他多次畫俄羅斯精英、知識分子和Tsar Nicholas II。他還畫了許多當代同胞,包括小說家Leo Tolstoy、作曲家Modest Mussorgsky、科學家Dmitri Mendeleev和烏克蘭畫家Taras Schevchenko。他的繪畫作品中經常出現的一個主題是俄國的革命運動,因此他的作品經常被歸類為“俄羅斯民族風格”。

      他晚年生活在芬蘭Kuokkala的一所房子里,被稱為他自己設計和建造的陰莖。1917十月革命后,芬蘭宣布獨立,列賓被邀請返回蘇聯。他拒絕了,說他太老了,不能去旅行,并留在芬蘭,直到十三年后去世。1940,私人住宅作為博物館向公眾開放。

       

      Artist :Ilya Repin

      Additional Name :Илья Репин

      Born : Chuguyev, Ukraine

      Died : Repino (Kuokkala), Russian Federation

      Nationality :Russian

      Art Movement :Realism

      Field :painting,sculpture

      Influenced by :alexander-ivanov,rembrandt,frans-hals,diego-velazquez,edouard-manet

      Influenced on :artists-by-art-movement/socialist-realism,mykola-murashko,oleksandr-murashko

      Teachers :ivan-kramskoy

      Friends and Co-workers :vasily-polenov,alexandre-benois,mykola-murashko

      Art institution :Imperial Academy of Arts, Saint Petersburg, Russia

      Ilya Repin was a talented Russian painter of the Peredvizhniki School, who was held up by the Soviet government as an artist to be imitated by the new school of Socialist Realists. At the age of 22, Repin began his art career at the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, the same time as the “Rebellion of the Fourteen,” when 14 young artists left the school after refusing to paint mythological paintings for their diplomas. These artists would later form the Society of the Peredvizhniki, which Repin joined in 1878. Repin and the free thinking “itinerants,” as they were also called, rebelled against the formal academy, insisting that art should reflect real life. As an art student, his travels took him to Italy, Paris and Impressionist Exhibitions, and although he was exposed to the vivid colors and quick brush strokes of the impressionist style, he remained true to his unique form of realism.

      Many of the subjects Repin painted were common people, like himself, although he did on many occasions paint the Russian elite, intelligentsia, and Tsar Nicholas II. He also painted many of his contemporary compatriots, including novelist Leo Tolstoy, composer Modest Mussorgsky, scientist Dmitri Mendeleev, and Ukranian painter Taras Schevchenko. A common recurring theme in his paintings was the Russian Revolutionary Movement, and as a result his works are often classified as a “Russian national style.”

      In his later life, he lived in a house in Kuokkala, Finland, called the Penates, which he designed and built himself. After the October Revolution of 1917, Finland declared Independence, and Repin was invited to return to the Soviet Union. He refused, saying that he was too old to make the journey, and remained in Finland until his death thirteen years later. In 1940, the Penates house was opened to the public as a museum.

      18441930Ilya Repin121R
      伊利亞·葉菲莫維奇·列賓

      伊利亞·葉菲莫維奇·列賓

      Ilya Repin(1844-1930)
      現實主義藝術家列賓(Ilya Repin)專題網站

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