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    1. 亨利·盧梭267741032673292106360888素人藝術(原始主義)藝術家亨利·盧梭(Henri Rousseau)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/henri-rousseau/henri-rousseau_lt5hew5onad.jpg

      亨利·盧梭(Henri Rousseau)

      亨利·盧梭(Henri Rousseau)

      藝術家: 亨利·盧梭

      生于: 1844年5月21日;拉瓦爾,梅,法國

      卒于: 1910年9月02日;法國巴黎

      國籍: 法國

      流派: 素人藝術(原始主義)

      領域: 繪畫

      影響: 巴勃羅·畢加索,費爾南德·萊熱,Jean Metzinger,馬克斯·貝克曼,羅伯特·德勞奈,阿爾弗萊德·西斯萊,Surrealism

      朋友: Constantin Brancusi

      機構: 自學

       

      作為一個自學成材的畫家,Henri Rousseau完全沒有受過任何藝術訓練。他最出名的是他的239歲;原始的,孩童般的叢林場景。他小時候擅長繪畫和音樂,但大部分時間都在城郊當海關官員。正因為如此,他還被稱作“Le Douarneir”或“海關官員”。他在四十歲時就開始認真地畫畫,到了49歲時,為了全職畫畫,他退休了。雖然畫界嘲笑和嘲笑他的藝術風格,但是他卻受到畫界以外的藝術家的高度評價,比如畢加索、讓·雨果、萊格、貝克曼,以及后來的超現實主義畫家。他沒有意識到他被認為是沒有受過訓練的畫家,他認為自己是一個偉大的現實主義畫家。因此,他對自己評價很高,在他看來,畢加索和他是唯一活著的兩位偉大的藝術家。

      盧梭的繪畫風格不同于其他任何原始畫家,他的許多畫都是叢林場景。雖然他從未去過叢林(實際上他從未離開過法國),但他的許多畫都描繪了隱藏在陰影中的特大植物和野生動物。他多次參觀植物園,閱讀過圖解的書籍,并仔細觀察過馴化的動物。有一個故事,他去墨西哥,在亞熱帶地區作戰,因為他在軍隊,但這個傳說是不真實的。然而,他采訪了那些在墨西哥叢林里服役的士兵,他們在亞熱帶地區旅行。他還發展了肖像山水的繪畫風格,他將一個人或一對夫婦置于山水畫的前景中。他一生中可能受到過嘲笑,但現在他被認為是一個自學成才的天才,他創作出了高藝術品質的作品。他的作品也對當代動畫片《馬達加斯加》的啟示。

       

      Artist :Henri Rousseau

      Additional Name :Henri Julien Félix Rousseau (Le Douanier)

      Born : Laval, Mayenne, France

      Died : Paris, France

      Nationality :French

      Art Movement :Na?ve Art (Primitivism)

      Influenced on :pablo-picasso,fernand-leger,jean-metzinger,max-beckmann,robert-delaunay,alfred-sisley,artists-by-art-movement/surrealism

      Friends and Co-workers :constantin-brancusi

      Art institution :Self-taught

      As a self-taught painter, Henri Rousseau was completely untrained in any established art techniques. He is best known for his na&#239;ve, or primitive, childlike jungle scenes. He was good at painting and music as a child, but spent most of his life in the profession of a customs officer at the outskirts of town. Because of this, he was also referred to as Le Douarneir, or the “Customs Officer.” He started painting seriously at the age of forty and by the time he was 49 he retired from his job in order to paint full time.

      Although the painting establishment laughed and ridiculed his artistic style, he was highly regarded by artists who were outside the establishment, such as Picasso, Jean Hugo, Leger, Beckman, and later, painters of the Surrealist style. He was unaware that he was considered untrained by established painters, and believed himself to be a great realist painter. As such, he regarded himself very highly, and in his opinion, Picasso and he were the only two great living artists.

      Rousseau’s painting style was unlike that on any other primitive painter, and many of his paintings were jungle scenes. Although he had never been to a jungle (he actually never left France), many of his paintings depicted oversized plants and wild animals lurking in the shadows. He made many trips to the botanical gardens, perused illustrated books, and observed closely studied taxidermied animals. There is a tale that he traveled to Mexico and fought in the subtropics as he was in the army, but this legend is untrue. He did, however, interview may soldiers who had served in the jungle in Mexico about their travels through the subtropics.

      He also developed the painting style of portrait landscape, in which he would place a person or a couple in the foreground of a landscape painting. He may have been ridiculed during his lifetime, but he is now considered a self-trained genius, who created works of high artistic quality. His work has also been an inspiration for the contemporary animated film “Madagascar.”

      18441910Henri Rousseau152R
      亨利·盧梭

      亨利·盧梭

      Henri Rousseau(1844-1910)
      素人藝術(原始主義)藝術家亨利·盧梭(Henri Rousseau)專題網站

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