• <tt id="oefxz"></tt>

    1. 愛德華·蒙克267111032673322136357088象征主義,表現主義藝術家愛德華·蒙克(Edvard Munch)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/edvard-munch/self-portrait-i-1896_zjsjevhbvtj.jpg

      愛德華·蒙克(Edvard Munch)

      愛德華·蒙克(Edvard Munch)

      藝術家: 愛德華·蒙克

      生于: 1863;挪威十L的達爾斯布魯克

      卒于: 1944;挪威奧斯陸

      國籍: 挪威

      流派: 象征主義,表現主義

      領域: 繪畫

      受影響: 保羅·高更,文森特·梵高,亨利·瑪麗·雷蒙·德·圖盧茲-勞特累克,喬治·修拉,卡斯帕爾·大衛·弗里德里希

      影響: 埃貢·席勒,威斯利·康定斯基,恩斯特·路德維格·基爾希納,馬克斯·貝克曼,保羅·克利,亨利·馬蒂斯,Expressionism,Surrealism

      老師: Leon Bonnat

      朋友: 弗朗茨·馬克

      機構: 慕尼黑(慕尼黑美術學院學院,慕尼黑,德國)

       

      一個挪威出生的表現主義畫家愛德華·蒙克在他的繪畫中表現了一種動蕩的生活。小時候,他經常在冬天生病,不上學。為了消磨時間,他每天都在畫畫。他還有一個麻煩的童年,因為他的母親在他最小的妹妹出生后死于肺結核,他最喜歡的妹妹9年后死于同樣的疾病。他的父親也有點宗教狂熱,他會讀愛德華和他的妹妹的鬼故事和埃德加·艾倫·坡的故事。這些生動的可怕的故事,再加上他身體不好,年輕的芒奇被噩夢和偏執的死亡幻象所折磨,他后來會把這些幻象融入他的作品中。在他十幾歲的時候,他從繪畫和涉獵水彩畫轉到了油畫,他只在技術學院呆了一年就離開了,去追逐他當畫家的夢想。他早期的繪畫作品招致了許多不利的批評,他的父親斥責他的作品,但是仍然給他生活津貼。后來,由于對蒙克的畫不滿意,他毀掉了一幅裸體畫,并拒絕再給他錢買藝術品。他大部分的生活都是虛無主義的、放蕩不羈的生活方式,在這種生活方式中,酗酒和吵架是最受歡迎的消遣,這引起了他父親的不滿。在他父親去世后,蒙奇家變得窮困潦倒,而蒙奇覺得他周圍的人都已經去世了,他又被自殺的念頭折磨著。他的個人悲劇和心理特質演變成一種象征性的藝術形式,表達了更多的內在情感和感受,而不是投射了外部現實的形象。他經常拒絕出售他的畫,稱之為他的孩子,因此會制作他們的復制品出售。到了19世紀90年代,他的批評性接待有所改善,參加展覽的人數也增加了,盡管評論仍然很黯淡。1898,他開始和Tulla Larsen結婚,他想結婚。蒙克害怕婚姻和性關系一樣,一年后逃離了圖拉。在隨后的和解努力中,有一場爭吵,槍響了,打傷了芒奇的兩個手指,毀掉了芒奇的婚姻機會。

      1908年,芒奇與現實發生了劇烈的決裂,他看到了幻覺和遭受迫害的感覺,仿佛他已經到了危險的邊緣。精神錯亂的他開始治療,包括控制飲食和電氣化,從而穩定了他的個性。于是,他開始了一生中經濟上和專業上更成功的階段,在那里他得到了許多傭金,并能夠為家人提供良好的生活。他在過去的二十年中,相對孤立地在他的許多莊園里畫畫。今天,他的遺產,曾經被謠言渲染成一個納粹同情者,包括對他的作品的許多搶劫,他在拍賣會上的價格,現在他的臉部被以挪威貨幣為特色。

       

      Artist :Edvard Munch

      Additional Name :Edvard Munch

      Born : ?dalsbruk in L?ten, Norway

      Died : Oslo, Norway

      Nationality :Norwegian

      Art Movement :Symbolism,Expressionism

      Influenced by :paul-gauguin,vincent-van-gogh,henri-de-toulouse-lautrec,georges-seurat,caspar-david-friedrich

      Influenced on :egon-schiele,wassily-kandinsky,ernst-ludwig-kirchner,max-beckmann,paul-klee,henri-matisse,artists-by-art-movement/expressionism,artists-by-art-movement/surrealism

      Teachers :leon-bonnat

      Friends and Co-workers :franz-marc

      Art institution :Akademie der Bildenden Künste München (Munich Academy), Munich, Germany

      A Norwegian born expressionist painter, Edvard Munch lived a tumultuous life, which was represented in his paintings. As a child, he was often ill in the winter, and kept out of school. To pass the time, he spent his days drawing. He also had a troubled childhood, as his mother died of tuberculosis after the birth of his youngest sister, and his favorite sister died of the same illness nine years later. His father was also a bit of a religious fanatic, who would read Edvard and his sisters ghost stories and the stories of Edgar Allen Poe. The vivid ghastly tales, combined with his poor health, the young Munch was plagued by nightmares and paranoid visions of death, which he would later incorporate into his artwork.

      In his teens, he moved from drawing and dabbling with watercolors to painting with oils, and he only spent one year in technical college before he left to follow his dream of being a painter. His early paintings brought much unfavorable criticism, and his father rebuked him for his artworks, but continued to give him a living allowance. Later, unhappy with Munch’s paintings, he destroyed one of his nudes, and refused to grant him any more money for his art supplies.

      Much live much of his life in a nihilistic, bohemian lifestyle, in which binge drinking and brawling were the favorite pastimes, to his father’s constant disapproval. After his father’s death, leaving the Munch family destitute, and Munch, feeling that everyone around him had died, was plagued by suicidal thoughts. His personal tragedies and psychological idiosyncrasies evolved into a symbolic art form that expressed more internal emotion and feeling than projected an image of outside reality. He often refused to sell his paintings, calling them his children, and so would create reproductions of them to sell.

      His critical reception improved by the 1890’s, and the attendance to his exhibitions increased, although reviews remained bleak. In 1898, he began a relationship with Tulla Larsen, who wanted to get married. Munch, fearing marriage as much as sexual relationships, fled Tulla a year later. In a later reconciliation attempt, there was an argument in which a gun went off, injuring two of Munch’s fingers, and ruining Munch’s chance at marriage.

      In 1908, Munch had an acute break with reality, seeing hallucinations and suffering feelings of persecution, as if he was on the brink of insanity. He began therapy, including a controlled diet and electrification, which stabilized his personality. Thus began his more financially and professionally successful phase in his life, where he received many commissions and was able to provide well for his family. He spent the last two decades of his life in relative isolation, painting at one of his many estates. Today his legacy, once smeared with rumors that he was a Nazi sympathizer, includes many robberies of his works, his prices at auction, and his face now being featured on the Norwegian currency.

      18631944Edvard Munch122,126M
      愛德華·蒙克

      愛德華·蒙克

      Edvard Munch(1863-1944)
      象征主義,表現主義藝術家愛德華·蒙克(Edvard Munch)專題網站

      藝術分類

      全部
      首字母
      藝術領域
      藝術流派
      藝術國籍

      更多象征主義藝術家

      • 保羅·高更
      • 愛德華·蒙克
      • 喬治·保利
      • 維爾姆·哈默肖伊
      • 埃利塞烏維斯康蒂
      • 費迪南德·拉什斯卡齊克
      • 保羅馬蒂奧波洛斯
      • 約翰·鄧肯
      • 維克多·雨果
      • 喬治·費德里科·沃茨
      • 皮埃爾·皮維·德·夏凡納
      • 古斯塔夫·莫羅

      更多表現主義藝術家

      • 埃貢·席勒
      • 瓦西里·康定斯基
      • 尼古拉·馬丁諾斯基
      • 米哈伊羅博伊丘克
      • 阿爾賓·艾格·利恩茨
      • 約翰·馬林
      • 凱綏·珂勒惠支
      • 埃米爾·諾爾迪
      • 喬治·魯奧
      • 克里斯蒂安·羅夫斯
      • 萊昂內爾·法寧格
      • 瑪麗安馮韋勒金

      更多挪威藝術家

      • 愛德華·蒙克
      • 弗里茨·索爾洛
      • 愛德華·迪里克斯
      • 約翰·克里斯蒂安·代赫勒
      • 克努德巴德
      • 彼得·尼可萊·阿部
      • 蒂奧多·吉特爾森
      • 佩德爾·鮑克
      • 簡格羅思
      • 奧德·納德盧姆

      愛德華·蒙克作品

      天下现金网