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    1. 皮特·蒙德里安261641032673300199504288荷蘭風格派藝術家皮特·蒙德里安(Piet Mondrian)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/piet-mondrian/piet-mondrian_uaio4qrha5l.jpg

      皮特·蒙德里安(Piet Mondrian)

      皮特·蒙德里安(Piet Mondrian)

      藝術家: 皮特·蒙德里安

      生于: 1872年3月07日;荷蘭阿默斯福特,

      卒于: 1944年2月01日;美國紐約

      國籍: 荷蘭

      流派: 荷蘭風格派

      領域: 繪畫

      受影響: Cubism,文森特·梵高,保羅·塞尚,巴勃羅·畢加索,雅各布·凡·雷斯達爾

      影響: 約瑟夫·亞伯斯,Ad Reinhardt,Lee Krasner,Ilya Bolotowsky,Abstract Expressionism,Minimalism,Balcomb Greene

      朋友: 馬克·夏加爾,費爾南德·萊熱,簡·托羅普,Theo van Doesburg,Roman Selsky,Margit Selska

      機構: 已經rijksakademie Kunsten van,阿姆斯特丹,荷蘭

       

      蒙德里安是一位有影響的非具象派畫家,他的藝術在他的一生中演變成了自己獨特的風格,他創造了“新可塑性”。這種藝術不是基于外部的藝術影響或典型的技術,而是蒙德里安對他的深刻詮釋。感到哲學信仰他贊成兩套哲學信仰:神學,一種尋求幫助人類達到完美的宗教神秘主義;以及人類學,認為精神世界可以通過內在自我的發展直接進入。他的作品旨在通過審美美來幫助人類,打破繪畫的具象形式。他在1917和1918出版了他的藝術出版De Stijl(風格)的新塑主義解釋。雖然他早期的作品具有代表性,但是他慢慢發展了他的藝術哲學,他的作品先是逐漸發展為立體主義,然后發展為純粹的抽象主義和無代表性。第一次世界大戰后,他在戰后巴黎的氣氛中蓬勃發展,這使他獲得了純粹的創造性自由。二戰爆發后,法西斯主義的臨近,他移居到NY的曼哈頓,在那里度過了他的余生。這是他在曼哈頓的工作室,他覺得最有創造力,在其中他創造了他的偉大杰作。蒙德里安是一位熱心的畫家,他會油漆直到雙手鼓泡。有時他使自己生病,和其他人使他自己哭累了。在曼哈頓的公寓里,他重新布置了墻上的大型彩色面板,并繪制了其他部分,在完成畫布畫或完成繪畫時重新布置并移動這些面板。他后來說,他在曼哈頓演播室不斷變化的環境是他居住過的最好的空間。他死后,他的朋友哈利·霍茲曼仔細地測量了蒙德里安墻上的每個鑲板,并將它們變成了一個名為“墻工場”的旅游展覽。今天,Piet Mondrian的遺產生活在伊夫·圣·洛朗的時尚和歐萊雅的化妝線上。

       

      Artist :Piet Mondrian

      Additional Name :Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan

      Born : Amersfoort, Netherlands

      Died : New York , United States

      Nationality :Dutch

      Art Movement :De Stijl (Neoplasticism)

      Influenced by :artists-by-art-movement/cubism,vincent-van-gogh,paul-cezanne,pablo-picasso,jacob-van-ruisdael

      Influenced on :josef-albers,ad-reinhardt,lee-krasner,ilya-bolotowsky,artists-by-art-movement/abstract-expressionism,artists-by-art-movement/minimalism,balcomb-greene

      Friends and Co-workers :marc-chagall,fernand-leger,jan-toorop,theo-van-doesburg,roman-selsky,margit-selska

      Art institution :Rijksakademie van beeldende kunsten, Amsterdam, Netherlands

      An influential non-representational painter, Piet Mondrian’s art evolved over his lifetime into his own unique style, which he coined “neo-plasticism.” This art was not based on outside artistic influences or on typical techniques, but was instead Mondrian’s interpretation of his deeply felt philosophical beliefs. He subscribed to two sets of philosophical beliefs; theosophy, a religious mysticism which sought to help humanity achieve perfection, and anthroposophy, which held that the spiritual world was directly accessible through the development of the inner self. His works were thus aimed at helping humanity through aesthetic beauty and breaking from a representational form of painting. He published his explanation of neo-plasticism in his art publication De Stijl (The Style) in 1917 and 1918.

      Although his early work was representational, he slowly developed his artistic philosophy, his works slowly devolving first into cubism, then to pure abstraction and non-representation. After WWI, he flourished in the post-war atmosphere of Paris, which allowed him pure creative freedom. Upon the outbreak of WWII, and the approach of fascism, he moved to Manhattan, NY, where he spent the rest of his life. It was in his Manhattan studio where he felt most creative, and in which he created his great masterpieces.

      Mondrian was an avid painter, and would paint until his hands blistered. Sometimes he made himself sick, and others he made himself cry from exhaustion. While in his Manhattan apartment, he rearranged large colored panels on his walls, and painted other portions, rearranging and moving the panels as he completed his canvas paintings, or as he completed periods of painting. He later said that his ever-changing surroundings in his Manhattan studio was the best space he ever inhabited. After his death, his friend Harry Holtzman carefully measured each of the panels on Mondrian’s walls and turned them into a traveling exhibition called Wall Works.

      Today, Piet Mondrian’s legacy lives on in the fashions of Yves Saint Laurent, and the L’Oreal make-up line.

      18721944Piet Mondrian172M
      皮特·蒙德里安

      皮特·蒙德里安

      Piet Mondrian(1872-1944)
      荷蘭風格派藝術家皮特·蒙德里安(Piet Mondrian)專題網站

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