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    1. 薩爾瓦多·達利2605810,14,1632673337346048388超現實主義藝術家薩爾瓦多·達利(Salvador Dali)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/salvador-dali/salvador-dali_pl5f0vnnyme.jpg

      薩爾瓦多·達利(Salvador Dali)

      薩爾瓦多·達利(Salvador Dali)

      藝術家: 薩爾瓦多·達利

      生于: 1904年5月11日;菲格雷斯,西班牙

      卒于: 1989年1月23日;菲格雷斯,西班牙

      國籍: 西班牙

      流派: 超現實主義

      領域: 繪畫,雕塑,繪畫,攝影

      受影響: 吉爾吉奧·德·奇里柯,Arnold B?cklin,巴勃羅·畢加索,約安·米羅,Yves Tanguy,馬克斯·恩斯特,讓-弗朗索瓦·米勒,Dada,High Renaissance

      影響: 馬克斯·恩斯特,杰克遜·波洛克,Mark Rothko,Surrealism,Abstract Expressionism,Pop Art,Performance Art,Conceptual Art

      朋友: Man Ray,安迪·沃霍爾

      機構: 西班牙馬德里圣費爾南多貝拉斯阿特斯學院

       

      著名的西班牙超現實主義畫家Salvador Dali擁有藝術雕塑,包括雕塑、繪畫、攝影、多媒體作品,以及與其他藝術家的合作,最引人注目的是獨立超現實主義電影。Dali出生在一個準超現實的存在。他的弟弟,也叫Salvador,在Dali出生前的九個月,以蹣跚學步的孩子的身份去世。他的父母告訴他,他是他哥哥的轉世,他也開始相信。作為一個孩子,Dali參加繪畫學校,十三歲的時候,Dali的父親正在安排他的木炭畫展覽。1922,Dali去圣費爾南多美術學院學習,在那里他被稱為一個花花公子,穿著長頭發和鬢角,穿著十九世紀的審美風格的長褲。Dali在學院期間,曾嘗試過立體主義和達達主義。但在期末考試前幾個星期他被開除了,因為他說學校里沒有人有資格檢查他。在被驅逐后,他來到巴黎,在那里遇見了巴勃羅·魯伊斯·畢加索和Joan Miro,這對他的繪畫風格產生了很大的影響。Dali不斷借用許多繪畫風格。從印象派到文藝復興時期的作品,他把所有的元素結合成一個作品,引起了藝術評論家的有趣批評,這些評論家不確定如何接受他的作品。Dali一直是個花花公子,長著一個大胡子,這是他余生的標志。1929歲時,Dali開始和后來成為妻子Gala的女人建立了聯系。他的父親不贊成,認為他與超現實主義的聯系是對兒子的一種道德敗壞的影響。聽到大理創作了一部帶有侮辱他母親的銘文的作品,八年前他母親死于乳腺癌,大理否認并剝奪了他兒子的繼承權,告訴他永遠不要回家。Dali后來嫁給了嘎拉,搬到了LigAT港的一所房子里。達利一生中后期都在美國和他心愛的西班牙加泰羅尼亞之間度過,與其他藝術家合作,與社會精英們打成一片,并為報紙撰寫許多故事。1982年他妻子去世后,達利失去了很多生活的意愿,故意讓自己脫水,幾乎到了死亡的地步。1984,他的公寓里也發生了一場神秘的火災,從中他獲救,但許多人認為是自殺未遂。五年后,84歲時,他死于心力衰竭。

       

      Artist :Salvador Dali

      Additional Name :Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, Marquis de Púbol

      Born : Figueres, Spain

      Died : Figueres, Spain

      Nationality :Spanish

      Art Movement :Surrealism

      Field :painting,sculpture,drawing,photography

      Influenced by :giorgio-de-chirico,arnold-bocklin,pablo-picasso,joan-miro,yves-tanguy,max-ernst,jean-francois-millet,artists-by-art-movement/dada,artists-by-art-movement/high-renaissance

      Influenced on :max-ernst,jackson-pollock,mark-rothko,artists-by-art-movement/surrealism,artists-by-art-movement/abstract-expressionism,artists-by-art-movement/pop-art,artists-by-art-movement/performance-art,artists-by-art-movement/conceptual-art

      Friends and Co-workers :man-ray,andy-warhol

      Art institution :Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid, Spain

      The famous Spanish surrealist painter, Salvador Dali had artistic repertoire that included sculpture, painting, photography, multimedia work, and collaborations with other artists, most notably independent surrealist films. Dali was born in a quasi-surreal existence. His brother, also named Salvador, died as a toddler, nine months before Dali’s birth. His parents told him he was the reincarnation of his older brother, which he also came to believe. As a child, Dali attended drawing school, and by the age of thirteen, Dali’s father was arranging exhibitions of his charcoal drawings. In 1922, Dali went to study at the School of Fine Arts in San Fernando, where he was known as a bit of a dandy, wearing long hair and sideburns, and stockings with knee breeches in the style of 19th century aesthetes.

      During his stay at the academy, Dali tried his hand in cubism and dada. But his stay was short lived, after he was expelled a few weeks before final exams, for stating that no one in the school was qualified enough to examine him. After his expulsion, he traveled to Paris, where he met Pablo Picasso and Joan Miro, who heavily influenced his painting styles. Dali continually borrowed from many painting styles. From impressionism to renaissance works, he combined all elements into single compositions, raising interesting critiques from art critics, who were unsure as how to received his works. Always a dandy, Dali grew a large moustache, which was a trademark of his appearance for the rest of his life.

      In 1929, Dali began a relationship with the woman who would later become his wife, Gala. His father disapproved, and saw his connection with surrealism as a demoralizing influence on his son. Upon hearing reports that Dali had created a work with an inscription insulting his mother, who had died eight years earlier of breast cancer, the elder Dali disowned and disinherited his son, telling him never to return home. Dali then married Gala and moved into a house at Port Lligat.

      Dali spent the middle and late years of his life between the United States and his beloved Catalonia, Spain, collaborating with other artists, canoodling with social elites, and creating many stories for the newspapers. After his wife’s death in 1982, Dali lost much of his will to live, and purposely dehydrated himself almost to the point of death. There was also a mysterious fire in his apartment in 1984, from which he was saved, but many thought was a suicide attempt. He died of heart failure five years later at the age of 84.

      19041989Salvador Dali131D
      薩爾瓦多·達利

      薩爾瓦多·達利

      Salvador Dali(1904-1989)
      超現實主義藝術家薩爾瓦多·達利(Salvador Dali)專題網站

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