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    1. 拉斐爾2486810,11332673347133470588盛期文藝復興藝術家拉斐爾(Raphael)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/raphael/raphael_pcxhtfe0su0.jpg

      拉斐爾(Raphael)

      拉斐爾(Raphael)

      藝術家: 拉斐爾

      生于: 1483;意大利烏爾比諾

      卒于: 1520;意大利羅馬

      國籍: 意大利

      流派: 盛期文藝復興

      領域: 繪畫,建筑學

      受影響: 阿爾布雷希特·丟勒,Paolo Uccello,路加·西諾雷利,米開朗基羅,漢斯·梅姆林

      影響: 吉爾吉奧·德·奇里柯,安尼巴爾·卡拉奇,雅格布·巴薩諾,保羅·高更,弗朗西斯科·巴切柯,提香·韋切利奧,尼古拉斯·普桑,埃德加·德加,皮耶爾·奧古斯特·雷諾阿,安東·拉斐爾·門斯,Nazarenes,D眉sseldorf School of Painting

      老師: 彼得羅·貝魯吉諾

      朋友: 阿爾布雷希特·丟勒

       

      《拉斐爾》是意大利文藝復興時期的一位畫家和建筑師。拉斐爾和米開朗基羅、達芬奇一起被認為是文藝復興時期大師畫家的三位一體。他是一個多產的藝術家,盡管37歲就去世了,但他有相當多的工作要學習。拉斐爾出生于一個藝術家庭,因為他的父親是烏爾比諾公爵的宮廷畫家。1491年母親去世,1494年父親去世后,11歲的拉斐爾在繼續他父親的繪畫工作室方面發揮了重要作用。他最早在1501被描述為一個訓練有素的大師畫家,大約在19歲左右。即使在這個職業生涯的早期階段,他也有很高的需求,完成了許多委托作品。拉斐爾繼續畫畫,不斷地旅行,過著一個半游牧畫家的生活。他能夠將佛羅倫薩藝術的影響力與自己的發展風格結合起來,創作出流暢流暢的作品,受到高度評價。

      三位大師拉斐爾、倫達多·達·芬奇和米開朗基羅都是同時代的。列奧納多是拉斐爾的三十歲高齡,年輕的畫家把達文西繪畫中的許多元素融入到自己的作品中。另一方面,米切朗基羅只不過是拉斐爾的八歲高齡。米切朗基羅已經不喜歡列奧納多了,他更不喜歡拉斐爾越來越受歡迎,開始陰謀和散布關于拉斐爾的謠言。1508,拉斐爾搬到了羅馬,他將在那里度過余生。他在羅馬的第一個主要作品是裝飾教皇的私人圖書館——圣黛拉·塞納圖拉。在他完成這個房間后,教皇對他的工作非常滿意,他把他分配到了其他建筑的房間,取代了其他被委托完成作品的藝術家。

       

      Artist :Raphael

      Additional Name :Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino

      Born : Urbino, Italy

      Died : Rome, Italy

      Nationality :Italian

      Art Movement :High Renaissance

      Field :painting,architecture

      Influenced by :albrecht-durer,paolo-uccello,luca-signorelli,michelangelo,hans-memling

      Influenced on :giorgio-de-chirico,annibale-carracci,jacopo-bassano,paul-gauguin,francisco-pacheco,titian,nicolas-poussin,edgar-degas,pierre-auguste-renoir,anton-raphael-mengs,artists-by-painting-school/nazarenes,artists-by-painting-school/d-sseldorf-school-of-painting

      Teachers :pietro-perugino

      Friends and Co-workers :albrecht-durer

      Considered one of great master painters, Raphael was an Italian painter and architect in the High Renaissance. Raphael, along with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, are considered the great trinity of master painters of the High Renaissance period. He was a prolific artist, and despite death at the young age of 37, has a considerable body of work to study.

      Raphael was born into an artistic family, as his father was the court painter to The Duke of Urbino. After his mother’s death in 1491 and his father’s death in 1494, eleven year old Raphael, who had already shown artistic talent, played a large role in continuing his father’s painting studio. He was first described as a fully-trained master painter in 1501, roughly around the age of 19. Even at this early stage in his career, he was in high demand, and completed many commissioned works. Raphael continued to paint, traveling constantly, living the life of a semi-nomadic painter. He was able to merge the influence of Florentine art with his own developing style, creating a smooth, flowing composition, which was highly regarded.

      The three great masters, Raphael, Leondardo da Vinci, and Michelangelo, were all contemporaries. Leonardo was thirty years Raphael’s senior, and the younger painter incorporated many elements of da Vinci’s paintings in to his own works. Michelangelo, on the other hand, was only eight years Raphael’s senior. Michelangelo already did not like Leonardo, and he disliked the rising popularity of Raphael even more, starting conspiracies and spreading rumors about Raphael.

      In 1508, Raphael moved to Rome, where he would reside for the rest of his life. His first major work inn Rome was a commission to decorate the Pope’s private library, the Stanza della Segnatura. After he finished this room, the Pope was so pleased with his work that he assigned him to other rooms of the building, displacing other artists who had been commissioned to complete the works.

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      拉斐爾

      拉斐爾

      Raphael(1483-1520)
      盛期文藝復興藝術家拉斐爾(Raphael)專題網站

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