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    1. 埃爾·格列柯2486610,14,1133267333768958888矯飾主義(文藝復興晚期)藝術家埃爾·格列柯(El Greco)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/el-greco/el-greco_ywxaxgb2vsh.jpg

      埃爾·格列柯(El Greco)

      埃爾·格列柯(El Greco)

      藝術家: 埃爾·格列柯

      生于: 1541;希臘克里特島

      卒于: 1614年4月07日;西班牙托雷多

      國籍: 西班牙,希臘

      流派: 矯飾主義(文藝復興晚期)

      領域: 繪畫,雕塑,建筑學

      受影響: Byzantine Art

      影響: Expressionism,Cubism,歐仁·德拉克羅瓦,愛德華·馬奈,Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider),保羅·塞尚,巴勃羅·畢加索,弗朗茨·馬克,杰克遜·波洛克,Roberto Montenegro,瓊斯·克里門特·奧羅茲柯,弗朗西斯科·巴切柯

      老師: 提香·韋切利奧

      朋友: Giulio Clovio

       

      多梅尼科斯·希托科普洛斯,因其希臘文化遺產而被稱為“埃爾·格雷科”,是西班牙文藝復興時期頗受歡迎的希臘畫家、雕塑家和建筑師。26歲時,他去了威尼斯,后來又去了羅馬,在那里開了他的第一間工作室。與其他藝術家不同,埃爾·格雷科為了區別于當時的其他藝術家,改變了他的風格,對宗教題材作出了新的和不尋常的解釋。他創造了敏捷,細長的數字,并包括一個充滿活力的大氣光。拉斐爾和米開朗基羅去世后,他決心留下自己的藝術印記,并提議為米開朗基羅的《最后的晚餐》畫一幅《教皇庇護五世》。羅馬的許多敵人,尤其是藝術評論家的敵對情緒。1577,El Greco移居托雷多,在那里創作了他大部分的成熟作品。雖然他在托萊多周圍的教堂里完成了主要的委托工作,但他仍然不受國王的寵愛,因此沒有得到他所希望的王室贊助。埃爾·格雷科把托萊多作為他的家,從維萊納侯爵那里租了一系列公寓,包括三套公寓和24間房間。他花了很多時間學習、繪畫和高雅地生活,經常在吃飯的時候雇用音樂家為他演奏。雖然他是個很有名望而且多產的畫家,但是臨近生命的盡頭,他經歷了經濟困難,由于在伊利斯康星慈善醫院的工作沒有得到報酬而更加惡化。他因病突然去世,享年73歲。他死后,El Greco的作品在很大程度上被忽視了。他對題材和復雜的肖像畫的不尋常的處理導致許多同時代的人詆毀他的作品。直到浪漫主義時期出現,他的作品才被新發現,引起了人們對這位藝術家作品的興趣。他的作品后來影響了現實主義者、印象派畫家、立體派畫家和抽象畫家,包括巴勃羅·魯伊斯·畢加索和Edouard Manet。

       

      Artist :El Greco

      Additional Name :Δομ?νικο? Θεοτοκ?πουλο? (Doménikos Theotokópoulos)

      Born : Crete, Greece

      Died : Toledo, Spain

      Nationality :Spanish,Greek

      Art Movement :Mannerism (Late Renaissance)

      Field :painting,sculpture,architecture

      Influenced by :artists-by-art-movement/byzantine-art

      Influenced on :artists-by-art-movement/expressionism,artists-by-art-movement/cubism,eugene-delacroix,edouard-manet,artists-by-painting-school/der-blaue-reiter-the-blue-rider,paul-cezanne,pablo-picasso,franz-marc,jackson-pollock,robert-montenegro,jose-clemente-orozco,francisco-pacheco

      Teachers :titian

      Friends and Co-workers :giulio-clovio

      Domenikos Theotokopoulos, other wise known as “El Greco” due to his Greek heritage, was a popular Greek painter, sculptor, and architect of the Spanish Renaissance. He was a master of post-Byzantine art by the age of 26, when he traveled to Venice, and later Rome, where he opened his first workshop. Unlike other artists, El Greco altered his style in order to distinguish himself from other artists of the time, inventing new and unusual interpretations of religious subject matter. He created agile, elongated figures, and included a vibrant atmospheric light. After the death of Raphael and Michelangelo, he was determined to leave his own artistic mark, and offered to paint over Michelangelo’s Last Supper to Pope Pius V. His unconventional artistic beliefs (his dislike of Michelangelo included), along with his strong personality, led to the development of many enemies in Rome, especially the hostilities of art critics.

      In 1577, El Greco Moved to Toledo, where he produced the majority of his mature works. Although he did complete major commissioned works in churches around Toledo, he remained out of favor with the king, and so did not receive the royal patronage he so desired. El Greco made Toledo his home, renting a series of apartments from the Marquis de Villena, which included three apartments and twenty-four rooms. He spent much of time studying, painting, and living in high style, often employing musicians to play for him while he dined.

      Although he was a much renowned and prolific painter, near the end of his life he experienced economic difficulties, exacerbated by non-payment for his work for the Hospital of Charities at Illescas. He met his end at the age of 73, due to a sudden illness. After his death, El Greco’s works were largely ignored. His unusual treatment of subject matter and complex iconography led many contemporaries to discredit his works. It was not until the emergence of the Romantic period that his works were newly discovered, sparking a revival of interest in the artist’s works. His works later influenced realist, impressionist, cubist, and abstract painters, including Pablo Picasso and Edouard Manet.

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      埃爾·格列柯

      埃爾·格列柯

      El Greco(1541-1614)
      矯飾主義(文藝復興晚期)藝術家埃爾·格列柯(El Greco)專題網站

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