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    1. 杰克遜·波洛克248651032673314120554288抽象表現主義藝術家杰克遜·波洛克(Jackson Pollock)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/jackson-pollock/paul-jackson-pollock_xmlpay1s0lr.jpg

      杰克遜·波洛克(Jackson Pollock)

      杰克遜·波洛克(Jackson Pollock)

      藝術家: 杰克遜·波洛克

      生于: 1912年1月28日;懷俄明州,美國

      卒于: 1956年8月11日;Springs,紐約,美國

      國籍: 美國

      流派: 抽象表現主義

      領域: 繪畫

      受影響: 埃爾·格列柯,巴勃羅·畢加索,保羅·塞尚,托馬斯·哈特·本頓,瓊斯·克里門特·奧羅茲柯,約安·米羅,Chaim Soutine,David Alfaro Siqueiros,薩爾瓦多·達利,Yves Tanguy,Native Art,Regionalism,Surrealism

      影響: Helen Frankenthaler,Cy Twombly,Morris Louis,Lee Krasner,Robert Morris,Kenneth Noland,Franz Kline,Gerhard Richter

      朋友: Lee Krasner,Robert Motherwell,Mark Rothko,威廉·德·庫寧,Barnett Newman,Philip Guston,Ad Reinhardt

      機構: 藝術學生聯盟(紐約,紐約市,紐約,美國

       

      杰克遜·波洛克被譽為“當代最偉大的畫家”,是20世紀美國主要的抽象表現主義畫家。波洛克在校期間被兩所高中開除了,第二所是洛杉磯手工藝學校,在那里他被鼓勵去追求他對藝術的興趣。1930年,他移居紐約學習藝術,并在WPA聯邦藝術項目(新政項目)下找到了一份工作,這個項目使他能夠以繪畫為生。當波洛克在職業和社會上獲得成功時,他與酗酒成癮和復發的抑郁癥作斗爭。他的兩個兄弟向約瑟夫·亨德森博士建議了榮格心理療法,他鼓勵波洛克在藝術上努力作為治療的一部分。雖然心理治療沒有治愈他的酗酒,但它確實使他接觸到榮格的概念,他在當時的繪畫中表達的。1945年,波洛克和妻子、美國畫家李·克拉斯納搬到了紐約的斯普林斯,在那里度過余生。在房子后面的谷倉里,波洛克把谷倉改造成了他的畫室,利用他所謂的“滴水”技術,發展了一種全新的繪畫技術。波洛克用硬化的刷子、木棍、火雞皮和家用搪瓷漆噴水、潑水,然后把油漆滴到鋪在畫室地板上的畫布上。1956,《時代》雜志引用了波洛克的名字“滴灌”,引用了他獨特的動作風格繪畫。最近藝術史學家和科學家的研究已經確定,波洛克的一些作品顯示出數學分形的特征,斷言在他的整個職業生涯中,他的作品變得更加分形。在波洛克后期的繪畫作品中,他把所有作品的標題都縮小為數字,以便減少觀眾試圖識別他繪畫中的任何表現元素。受越來越多的藝術收藏家的聲望和需求的壓力,Pollock的酗酒惡化了。1956年8月,在酒后駕車時,他遭遇了一起單車事故,并導致自己和一名乘客死亡。Pollock的遺贈被遺孀Lee Krasner所擔保,遺孀在他死后管理了他的遺產。他的遺產包括一些社會媒體的參考資料,包括歌曲、詩歌、書籍和紀錄片,以及由艾德·哈里斯導演和主演的電影《人物傳記》Pollock。

       

      Artist :Jackson Pollock

      Additional Name :Paul Jackson Pollock

      Born : Cody, Wyoming, United States

      Died : Springs, New York, United States

      Nationality :American

      Art Movement :Abstract Expressionism

      Influenced by :el-greco,pablo-picasso,paul-cezanne,thomas-hart-benton,jose-clemente-orozco,joan-miro,chaim-soutine,david-alfaro-siqueiros,salvador-dali,yves-tanguy,artists-by-art-movement/native-art,artists-by-art-movement/regionalism,artists-by-art-movement/surrealism

      Influenced on :helen-frankenthaler,cy-twombly,morris-louis,lee-krasner,robert-morris,kenneth-noland,franz-kline,gerhard-richter

      Friends and Co-workers :lee-krasner,robert-motherwell,mark-rothko,willem-de-kooning,barnett-newman,philip-guston,ad-reinhardt

      Art institution :Art Students League of New York, New York City, NY, US

      Deemed the “greatest painter alive” during his lifetime, Jackson Pollock was an American painter who was a major artist abstract expressionist art in the 20th century. Pollock was expelled from two high schools during his formative years, the second one being Los Angeles Manual Arts School, where he was encouraged to pursue his interest in art. In 1930, he moved to New York to study art, and secured a job under the WPA Federal Art Project, a New Deal project, which allowed him to earn a living from his painting.

      As he was gaining professional and social success, Pollock fought the addiction of alcoholism and recurring bouts of depression. Two of his brothers suggested Jungian psychotherapy, with Dr. Joseph Henderson, who encouraged Pollock in his artistic endeavors as part of his therapy. Although the psychotherapy did not cure his drinking, it did expose him to Jungian concepts, which he expressed in his paintings at the time. In 1945, Pollock moved with his wife and American painter Lee Krasner to Springs, New York, where he would remain the rest of his life. In the barn behind the house, which he converted to his studio, Pollock developed a new and completely novel technique of painting using what he called his “drip” technique. Using hardened brushes, sticks, and turkey basters, and household enamel paints, Pollock squirted, splashed, and dripped his paint onto canvas rolled out over his studio floor. In 1956, Time magazine gave Pollock the name “Jack the Dripper,” referencing his unique style of action painting.

      Recent studies by art historians and scientists have determined that some of Pollock’s work display properties of mathematical fractals, asserting that his works became more fractal-like throughout his career. In his later paintings, Pollock reduced the titles of all of his paintings to numbers, in order to reduce the viewers attempt to indentify any representational element in his paintings. Pressured by his growing fame and demand from art collectors, Pollock’s alcoholism worsened. In August of 1956, while driving under the influence of alcohol, he was involved in a single–car accident, killing himself and one of his passengers. Pollock’s legacy was secured by his widow, Lee Krasner, who managed his estate after his death. His legacy includes a number of references in social media, including songs, poems, books, and documentaries, and the feature film biopic Pollock, directed by and starring Ed Harris.

      19121956Jackson Pollock132P
      杰克遜·波洛克

      杰克遜·波洛克

      Jackson Pollock(1912-1956)
      抽象表現主義藝術家杰克遜·波洛克(Jackson Pollock)專題網站

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