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    1. 卡拉瓦喬24864103267334799462288巴洛克藝術家卡拉瓦喬(Caravaggio)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/caravaggio/caravaggio_3q1pyusuhmu.jpg

      卡拉瓦喬(Caravaggio)

      卡拉瓦喬(Caravaggio)

      藝術家: 卡拉瓦喬

      生于: 1571年9月29日;意大利米蘭

      卒于: 1610年7月18日;意大利波爾圖埃爾科

      國籍: 意大利

      流派: 巴洛克

      領域: 繪畫

      受影響: 喬爾喬內,提香·韋切利奧

      影響: 古斯塔夫·庫爾貝,阿爾泰米西亞·真蒂萊斯基,迭戈·德·席爾瓦·委拉斯開茲,亨德里克·特布魯根,彼得·保羅·魯本斯,約翰尼斯·維米爾,喬治·德·拉·圖爾,胡塞佩·德·里貝拉,倫勃朗,歐仁·德拉克羅瓦,愛德華·馬奈,Jacob Jordaens,Francisco de Zurbaran,雅克-路易·大衛,莫蘭迪,Caravaggisti

       

      卡拉瓦喬是意大利畫大師,巴洛克風格之父,他過著喧囂的生活,他的戰斗和爭吵使他的生活中斷。作為一個孩子和藝術學生,他在米蘭接受一位老師的培訓,這位老師曾由偉大的意大利畫家提香親自執教,并讓他接觸到達芬奇和倫巴德藝術家的偉大作品。他在1592年搬到羅馬,在一些爭吵導致警察受傷之后。當時羅馬正處于擴張時期,許多正在修建的教堂和宮殿都需要繪畫來裝飾墻壁??ɡ邌淘诜醋诮谈母飼r期也移居羅馬,羅馬天主教會試圖阻止新教的興起,并委托許多工作來提高教會的社會地位。他來到羅馬時又餓又窮,立即開始為羅馬教皇最喜歡的畫家朱塞佩·塞薩里工作,整個16世紀末,他作為一名偉大的畫家的名聲越來越大。他1599歲的時候,他被委派去畫羅馬的康塔利教堂,這是1600完成的。之后,他開始接受許多傭金,包括公共和私人。他的一些作品在題材(他那令人無法接受的粗俗寫實風格)和模特(他最喜愛的《圣母瑪利亞》中的模特之一是妓女)上有爭議,他的一些作品還被重新粉刷或修復。其他人全部歸還,但卡拉瓦喬總是有一個公眾愿意搶奪他所畫的任何畫。作為街頭斗毆者,他的警察記錄和法庭訴訟充滿了許多篇幅。1606,他在一次街頭搏斗中殺死了一個年輕人,逃到了Naples,在那里他受到Colonna家族的保護。1608,他在Naples被捕并在監獄里再次被毆打,但他成功逃脫了。在逃離法律的途中,他經過了米蘭、錫拉丘茲、西西里、巴勒莫、馬耳他和梅西納,不斷接受傭金。他回到那不勒斯與科隆納一家住在一起,并尋求教皇的赦免。1606年,有人企圖暗殺他的生命,使他的臉永久毀容。1610年夏天,他乘船從那不勒斯到羅馬,連同三幅畫作為和平祭品,尋求教皇的赦免。他從未到達目的地,一路神秘地死去。雖然他的藝術技巧是巴洛克風格的產物,但他死后很快就被遺忘了。直到1920世紀,他的作品才開始被完全接受和欣賞。

       

      Artist :Caravaggio

      Additional Name :Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio

      Born : Milan, Italy

      Died : Porto Ercole, Italy

      Nationality :Italian

      Art Movement :Baroque

      Influenced by :giorgione,titian

      Influenced on :gustave-courbet,artemisia-gentileschi,diego-velazquez,hendrick-terbrugghen,peter-paul-rubens,johannes-vermeer,georges-de-la-tour,jusepe-de-ribera,rembrandt,eugene-delacroix,edouard-manet,jacob-jordaens,francisco-de-zurbaran,jacques-louis-david,giorgio-morandi,artists-by-painting-school/caravaggisti

      Caravaggio was a master Italian painter, father of the Baroque style, who led a tumultuous life that was cut short his by his fighting and brawling. As a child and art student, he trained in Milan under a teacher who had been taught by the great Italian painter Titian himself, and who exposed him to the great works of Leonardo de Vinci and the Lombard artists. He moved to Rome in 1592, after certain quarrels resulted in the wounding of a police officer. Rome at the time was in a period if great expansion, and the many churches and palaces being built were all in need of paintings to decorate the walls. Caravaggio also moved to Rome during the Counter-Reformation, in which the Roman Catholic Church tried to stem the rising tide of Protestantism, and was commissioning many works to elevate the social status of the Church.

      He arrived in Rome starving and destitute, and immediately began working for Giuseppe Cesari, the favorite painter of the Pope, and throughout the end of the 16th century his reputation as a great painter grew. His big break came in 1599, when he was commissioned to paint the Contarelli Chapel in Rome, which was finished in 1600. after which he began receiving many commissions, both public and private. Some of his works, being controversial in subject matter (his unacceptably vulgar realistic style) and models (one of his favorite models for the Virgin Mary was a prostitute), and some of his works were returned to be painted over or fixed. Others were returned entirely, but Caravaggio always had a public willing to snatch up any painting he produced.

      As a street brawler, his police records and court proceedings fill many pages. In 1606, he killed a young man in a street fight and fled to Naples, where he was protected by the Colonna family. In 1608, he was arrested and put in jail for another brawl in Naples, but he managed to escape. In his flight from the law, he traveled through Milan, Syracuse, Sicily, Palermo, Malta, and Messina, continually receiving commissions. He returned to Naples to live with the Colonna family and seek a pardon from the Pope, and in 1606, an assassination attempt was made of his life, leaving his face permanently disfigured.

      In the summer of 1610, he took a boat from Naples to Rome, along with three paintings as an offering of peace, seeking a pardon from the Pope. He never arrived at his destination, having mysteriously died along the way. Although his artistic technique fathered the Baroque style, he was quickly forgotten after his death. It was not until the 1920’s that his body of work began to be fully received and appreciated.

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      卡拉瓦喬

      卡拉瓦喬

      Caravaggio(1571-1610)
      巴洛克藝術家卡拉瓦喬(Caravaggio)專題網站

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