• <tt id="oefxz"></tt>

    1. 古斯塔夫·庫爾貝24863103267329294997788現實主義藝術家古斯塔夫·庫爾貝(Gustave Courbet)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/gustave-courbet/gustave-courbet_0b0qau3g21j.jpg

      古斯塔夫·庫爾貝(Gustave Courbet)

      古斯塔夫·庫爾貝(Gustave Courbet)

      藝術家: 古斯塔夫·庫爾貝

      生于: 1819年6月10日;錯誤代碼(54000)

      卒于: 1877年12月31日;1877年31december

      國籍: 法國

      流派: 現實主義

      領域: 繪畫

      受影響: 倫勃朗,卡拉瓦喬,迭戈·德·席爾瓦·委拉斯開茲,彼得·保羅·魯本斯,Francisco de Zurbaran,Baroque,Romanticism,卡羅勒斯·杜蘭

      影響: 愛德華·馬奈,克勞德·莫奈,皮耶爾·奧古斯特·雷諾阿,保羅·塞尚,詹姆斯·阿博特·麥克尼爾·惠斯勒,Impressionism,Post-Impressionism,Expressionism,阿爾弗萊德·西斯萊,盧西安·弗洛伊德,Chaim Soutine,Charles-Francois Daubigny,Andres de Santa Maria,朱爾·巴斯蒂安-勒帕吉,Eugène Burnand

       

      古斯塔夫·庫爾貝是一位有爭議的法國畫家,他彌合了浪漫主義和印象派畫家之間的鴻溝。他之所以有爭議,不僅是因為他以他的作品處理社會問題,如農民、窮人、農村資產階級的工作條件,而且因為他以冷漠的方式描繪他們。與浪漫派畫家不同,庫爾貝沒有使用流暢的線條和柔和的形式。相反,他采用了自發的筆觸和粗糙的繪畫肌理,這表明他是直接觀察他的主題從生活,從而挑戰了學術觀念的藝術應該如何繪畫。由于庫爾貝對現實主義繪畫形式的發展,他成了名人,被認為是天才、社會主義者和野蠻人。他還鼓勵自己認為自己是一個沒有受過教育的農民。庫爾貝是在一個有反君主情緒的家庭里長大的,因為他的祖父是法國大革命的成員,因此以他的聲望為平臺,寫關于政治無政府主義、民主和社會主義思想的論文和論文。19世紀60年代,他開始描繪色情裸體場景,包括《世界起源》中詳盡的女性生殖器和睡在勒薩默爾的兩名裸體婦女,這使他變得更具爭議性。這激起了他的社會聲望,并在1870年代用他的聲音為拆除文丘姆柱,皇權的象征。在專欄被拆除,以及隨后的權力變化之后,庫爾貝被指控對這一行為負責,并被送進監獄六個月。1873年,他被要求支付重建該專欄的費用,為了避免破產,他流亡瑞士。1877年,他決定每年支付1萬法郎,直到91歲生日,屆時還清債務。庫爾貝死于1877歲,58歲的肝衰竭,一天前的第一期付款到期。

       

      Artist :Gustave Courbet

      Additional Name :Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet

      Born :10 June 1819

      Died :31 December 1877

      Nationality :French

      Art Movement :Realism

      Influenced by :rembrandt,caravaggio,diego-velazquez,peter-paul-rubens,francisco-de-zurbaran,artists-by-art-movement/baroque,artists-by-art-movement/romanticism,carolus-duran

      Influenced on :edouard-manet,claude-monet,pierre-auguste-renoir,paul-cezanne,james-mcneill-whistler,artists-by-art-movement/impressionism,artists-by-art-movement/post-impressionism,artists-by-art-movement/expressionism,alfred-sisley,lucian-freud,chaim-soutine,charles-francois-daubigny,andres-de-santa-maria,jules-bastien-lepage,eugene-burnand

      Gustave Courbet was a controversial French painter, who bridged the gap between Romanticism and the Impressionist school of painters. He was controversial not only because he addressed social issues with his work, such as peasants and the working condition of the poor, and the rural bourgeoisie, but also because of the unsentimental way in which he portrayed them. Unlike the Romantic school of painters, Courbet did not use smooth lines and soft forms. Instead, he employed spontaneous brush strokes and a roughness of paint texture, which indicated that he was observing his subject directly from life, and thus challenging the academic ideas of the way art should be painted. Because of his development of a realistic form of painting, Courbet was a celebrity, and considered a genius, socialist, and savage. He also encouraged the perception of himself as an unschooled peasant.

      Courbet grew up in a family with anti-monarchical sentiments, as his grandfather was a member of the French Revolution, and thus used his popularity as a platform to write essays and dissertations on political anarchism, democratic and socialist ideas. He became even more controversial in the 1860’s when he began painting erotic nude scenes, ranging from the detailed female genitalia in The Origin of the World, and two nude women sleeping in Le Sommeil. This catapulted his social popularity, and in the 1870’s used his voice to argue for the dismantling of the Vendome Column, a symbol of imperial power. After the column’s dismantlement, and an ensuing change in power, Courbet was held responsible for the act, and sent to prison for six months. In 1873 he was held responsible to pay to re-erect the column, and he went into a self-exile in Switzerland in order to avoid bankruptcy. In 1877 it was determined that he should pay 10,000 francs each year until his 91st birthday, at which time the debt would be paid off. Courbet died in 1877 at age 58 of liver failure, one day before the first installment was due.

      18191877Gustave Courbet121C
      古斯塔夫·庫爾貝

      古斯塔夫·庫爾貝

      Gustave Courbet(1819-1877)
      現實主義藝術家古斯塔夫·庫爾貝(Gustave Courbet)專題網站

      藝術分類

      全部
      首字母
      藝術領域
      藝術流派
      藝術國籍

      更多現實主義藝術家

      • 愛德華·馬奈
      • 讓·弗朗索瓦·米勒
      • 阿道夫·門采爾
      • 伊萬·希什金
      • 伊利亞·葉菲莫維奇·列賓
      • 魯本斯·桑托羅
      • 古斯塔夫·庫爾貝
      • 約翰·辛格·薩金特
      • 朱班·杜雷
      • 納爾西斯·維爾日勒·迪亞
      • 阿克希普·庫祖
      • 喬瓦尼·波爾蒂尼

      更多法國藝術家

      • 克勞德·莫奈
      • 愛德華·馬奈
      • 皮耶爾·奧古斯特·雷諾阿
      • 埃德加·德加
      • 卡米耶·畢沙羅
      • 亨利·馬蒂斯
      • 讓·巴蒂斯·西美翁·夏爾丹
      • 威廉·阿道夫·布格羅
      • 讓·奧古斯特·多米尼克·安格爾
      • 讓·弗朗索瓦·米勒
      • 阿爾弗萊德·西斯萊
      • 讓·安東尼·華多

      古斯塔夫·庫爾貝作品

      天下现金网