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    1. 保羅·塞尚248621032673292233909588后印象派藝術家保羅·塞尚(Paul Cezanne)專題網站http://img05.img.mei-shu.net/Uploads/sjmh/paul-cezanne/paul-cezanne_uyssi3dsnjh.jpg

      保羅·塞尚(Paul Cezanne)

      保羅·塞尚(Paul Cezanne)

      藝術家: 保羅·塞尚

      生于: 1839年1月19日;普羅旺斯,法國

      卒于: 1906年10月22日;普羅旺斯,法國

      國籍: 法國

      流派: 后印象派

      領域: 繪畫

      受影響: 古斯塔夫·庫爾貝,埃爾·格列柯,Charles-Francois Daubigny,尼古拉斯·普桑,皮耶爾·奧古斯特·雷諾阿

      影響: 巴勃羅·畢加索,阿米地奧·莫迪里阿尼,杰克遜·波洛克,費爾南德·萊熱,Chaim Soutine,皮特·蒙德里安,弗朗西斯·培根,Man Ray,Vilhelm Lundstrom,保羅·高更,威斯利·康定斯基,Roman Selsky,Adalbert Erdeli,Michel Kikoine,莫蘭迪,Józef Pankiewicz,Robert Falk,Harry Phelan Gibb

      朋友: 保羅·高更

       

      保羅·塞尚是后印象派畫家,在印象主義和立體主義之間架起了一座橋梁,據說是馬蒂斯和畢加索的藝術之父。盡管他很小的時候就被父親勸阻去追求他的繪畫激情,但是1861年他離開了家鄉普羅旺斯去了巴黎。在那里,他遇見了Camille Pisarro,一個受歡迎的印象派畫家,他是他的導師和向導。他開始以印象主義的風格繪畫,但后來開始結構順序,他所看到的和繪畫成簡單的形式和色彩的平面。他也開始簡化他畫成的形狀,比如一棵樹變成一個柱子。與他那個時代的許多畫家不同,塞尚專注于一種或者兩種主題風格,他專注于靜物畫、肖像、風景畫和裸體研究。他在巴黎慢慢地開始了,因為1864到1869年間他對巴黎沙龍的所有投稿都被拒絕了。1882,他終于成功地進入了巴黎沙龍,這也是他的最后一次。1895年,他舉辦了一次展覽,展出了他所有的作品,標志著他作為一名藝術家的成就,但是同年,他搬回了他的故鄉普羅旺斯,在那里他繼續孤立地工作。塞尚在早期被描繪成一個粗魯、害羞、憤怒的人,一陣陣憂郁,后來他退回到畫壇,長期隱居,獨自畫畫。雖然他的畫沒有受到公眾的歡迎,公眾認為他的反應是歡笑、憤慨和諷刺,并且嘲笑他的藝術,但是年輕的藝術家仍然高度尊重他,并且經常追求他。塞尚的遺產是,他發展了斷裂形式的實踐,這最直接地影響了立體主義的發展,后來奠定了現代藝術的基礎。

       

      Artist :Paul Cezanne

      Additional Name :Paul Cézanne

      Born : Aix-en-Provence, France

      Died : Aix-en-Provence, France

      Nationality :French

      Art Movement :Post-Impressionism

      Influenced by :gustave-courbet,el-greco,charles-francois-daubigny,nicolas-poussin,pierre-auguste-renoir

      Influenced on :pablo-picasso,amedeo-modigliani,jackson-pollock,fernand-leger,chaim-soutine,piet-mondrian,francis-bacon,man-ray,vilhelm-lundstrom,paul-gauguin,wassily-kandinsky,roman-selsky,adalbert-erdeli,michel-kikoine,giorgio-morandi,jozef-pankiewicz,robert-falk,harry-phelan-gibb

      Friends and Co-workers :paul-gauguin

      Paul Cezanne was a post-impressionist painter who created the bridge between impressionism and cubism, and is said to be the artistic father of both Matisse and Picasso. Although he was dissuaded by his father at an early age to pursue his passions in painting, he left his hometown of Provence for Paris, in 1861. It was there that he met Camille Pisarro, a popular impressionist painter, who served as his mentor and guide. He began painting in the impressionistic style, but later began to structurally order what he saw and painted into simple forms and planes of color. He also began to simplify the forms he painted into shapes, such as a tree into a column. Unlike many of the painters of his day, who focused on one or maybe two subject styles, Cezanne concentrated on still lifes, portraits, landscapes, and nude studies.

      He began slowly in Paris, as all of his submissions to the Paris Salon between the years of 1864 and 1869 went rejected. He finally successfully entered a submission into the Paris Salon in 1882, which was also his last. In 1895, there was an exhibition held of all of his own works, signifying his growing success as an artist, but that same year he moved back to his hometown of Provence, where he continued to work in isolation.

      Cezanne was early depicted as a rude, shy, angry man, given to bouts of depression, and later in his life he withdrew into his paintings, spending long periods of time a recluse, painting in solitude. Although his paintings were not well-received by the public, who supposedly reacted with hilarity, outrage and sarcasm, and laughed at his art, young artists held him in high esteem, and often sought after him. Cezanne’s legacy is that he developed the practice of fracturing forms, which most immediately influenced the development of cubism, and later the foundation of modern art.

      18391906Paul Cezanne124C
      保羅·塞尚

      保羅·塞尚

      Paul Cezanne(1839-1906)
      后印象派藝術家保羅·塞尚(Paul Cezanne)專題網站

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